Bombay Beach Biennale
A place in California mixes a toxic lake, a self-managed community, an independent art festival and Hollywood together for a few days each year — four ingredients that are injecting life back into it While watching the filming of a documentary, we discover an America on the edge, surrounded by the breathtaking scenery of the Imperial Valley, about an hour from Palm Springs. Our destination is the Bombay Beach Biennale and Slab City, an informal settlement in the heart of the desert. Inhabited by numerous Burners (‘Burning Man’ activists), Bombay Beach lies on the shores of the Salton Sea, a lake formed less than 100 years ago.
In 1905, the Colorado River flooded following a miscalculation by California Development Company engineers who, in an attempt to improve the irrigation system, created one of America’s least-known environmental disasters.
In 1908, California’s largest artificial lake (890 sq km) was born and its shores became a holiday destination in the 1950s, favoured by Frank Sinatra and the Beach Boys. Over time, soil salinity and pesticides exterminated most of the fish and tons of toxic algae were dumped in the water. The beaches unfortunately became an abandoned outdoor ossuary.
Bombay Beach is one of many Census-Designated Places: areas identified only for statistical purposes. Its approximately 300 inhabitants come from highly diverse backgrounds and with stories that often speak of poverty but also resilience. “The good Lord brought me here,” is how many people explain why they chose to live in this place. Some moved here to treat their cancer in Mexico at affordable prices; others sold their cows and pigs to buy a piece of land; others wanted to start a new life after prison. There are Vietnam veterans,
religious activists, musicians and retirees.
The heart of the community is the Ski Inn, a bar having walls lined with thousands of one-dollar bills.
This is a bruised but combative America where the welfare system is revealed in all its fallibility and contradictions.
This settlement in the deep Californian South comes to life three days a year for an eccentric, dreamy and hedonistic festival that, before the amused eyes of its inhabitants, rocks the town with the arrival of Angelenos ‘radicals’ accompanied by artists, Harvard, UCLA and Columbia professors, Balkan musicians, architecture students, as too the most underground parties, performers, circus acts, opera singers, San Francisco Opera dancers, actors and models. Then the locals realise that the old abandoned shacks can be converted into incredible spaces.
“This place was exploited for its scenic effects to shoot movies. When they’d finished filming, everything disappeared,” explains Tao Ruspoli, the Italian-American filmmaker who founded the Biennale with Stefan Ashkenazy, owner of an art hotel in Hollywood, and Johnson & Johnson heiress Lily Johnson White. The festival was thought up to highlight environmental urgencies and contribute to the rebirth of the town along with its residents: decay as a means of regeneration through art.
Above: a hot-air balloon lands on the shores of the Salton Sea Opposite page: Randy Polumbo’s installation. The trip to the Bombay Beach Biennale followed the filming of the Elysian Fields filmdocumentary, directed by Susanna Della Sala, cinematography by Andrea José di Pasquale
Top and above: Mark Mack Suprastudio, end-of-year projects by UCLA students Top right: El barco de la muerte by Sean Guerrero Right: The Tesseract by Shig, Jessica Steiner, Ashley Hillis, Tessa Mac and Tao Ruspoli