Notes and References
1 I visited the Saspol Caves in August 2017. The caves are under the administration of the Likir Monastery, and conservation work has been carried out by INTACH Ladakh Chapter. The project currently comes under the aegis of the World Monuments Fund. There was no guide available on the site when I visited, and there is hardly any literature on the caves. Most of the information in this article has been gathered from Chiara Bellini’s 2014 paper. [see 3] 2 Luczanits (2005). “The early Buddhist heritage of Ladakh reconsidered” (pp.65-96). In J. Bray (Ed.). Ladakhi Histories: Local and regional Perspectives; Leiden: Brill. 3 Chiara Bellini (2014). “The paintings of the caves of Sa-spo-la in Ladakh: proof of the development of the religious order of the dGe-lugs in Indian Tibet during the 15th century.” (pp315346) In Dramdul and Francesco Sferra (Eds.) From Mediterranean to Himalaya – A Festschrift to commemorate the 120th birthday of Italian Tibetologist Giuseppe Tucchi 4 Kamala Mukherjee (1996). “Cultural History of Ladakh, Part 1”. Bulletin of Tibetology, No.3, pp.23-27. 5 D. Snellgrove and T. Skorupski (1980). The Cultural Heritage of Ladakh (Volume 2): Zanskar and the Cave Temples of Ladakh. London: Aris & Phillips, Warminster. 6 E. Lo Bue (2007). The Gu Ru La Khang at Phyi dbang: A mid-15th century Temple in Central Ladakh. In A. Heller, G. Orofino, and C. Ramble (Eds.) Discoveries in Western Tibet and the Western Himalayas. Essay on History, Literature, Archaeology and Art; Leiden: Brill.