Domus

MATHEMATIC­AL MODELS

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Classical Greek geometry consisted of straight lines and curves. However, it was unable to describe mathematic­ally the surface areas of geometric figures. It was only when a right-angled system of coordinate­s was introduced in the seventeent­h century that straight lines, curves, and geometric objects could be translated into mathematic­al equations. The young discipline of analytical geometry, which first linked geometry and algebra, made it possible to solve geometric problems mathematic­ally. Equations made new geometric constructi­ons possible, which in the second half of the nineteenth century created real models and objects of high complexity and aesthetic beauty.

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In the 1930s the Surrealist­s discovered the beauty of these mathematic­al models.

In his essay “The Crisis of the Object” (1936) André Breton situates mathematic­al objects next to other artistic categories of objects such as Objet trouvé, mobile objects, Ready-Mades, irrational objects, and so on. ARTISTS: Rudolf Belling – David Bill – Jakob Bill – Max Bill – Mary Ellen Bute – Gerard Caris – Attila Csörgő – Olafur Eliasson – Equipo 57 – Karlis Johansons – Toshimasa Kikuchi – Konstantin Medunezkij (Dieter Zaha and Michael Düchting: reconstruc­tion) – Henry Moore – François Morellet – Bruno Munari – Man Ray – Alexander Rodchenko –Wladimir Stenberg – Hiroshi Sugimoto – H.W. Twardzik – Timm Ulrichs – Georges Vantongerl­oo – Mary Vieira – Ruth Vollmer – Martin Willing

 ??  ?? This page, and opposite page, bottom: Installati­on views [Exhibition chapter: Mathematic­al Models] Opposite page, top: Installati­on view [Exhibition chapter Mathematic­al Models]. Reconstruc­tions of works shown at the Second Spring Exhibition of OBMOKhU (The Society of Young Artists), section of constructi­vists, Moscow May-June 1921. Works by Konstantin Medunetsky, Alexander Rodchenko, Karlis Johansons, and the Stenberg brothers (Photo: Tobias Wootton)
This page, and opposite page, bottom: Installati­on views [Exhibition chapter: Mathematic­al Models] Opposite page, top: Installati­on view [Exhibition chapter Mathematic­al Models]. Reconstruc­tions of works shown at the Second Spring Exhibition of OBMOKhU (The Society of Young Artists), section of constructi­vists, Moscow May-June 1921. Works by Konstantin Medunetsky, Alexander Rodchenko, Karlis Johansons, and the Stenberg brothers (Photo: Tobias Wootton)
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