Is In­dia be­ing health-wise?

The Union Health Min­istry re­cently re­leased the 13th Na­tional Health Pro­file, an an­nual com­pi­la­tion of data on dis­ease in­ci­dence, health in­fra­struc­ture and health fi­nance. Here are a few take­aways.

Down to Earth - - THE FORT­NIGHT -

Fer­til­ity in In­dia is de­clin­ing rapidly. To­tal Fer­til­ity Rate in 12 states has fallen be­low 2 chil­dren per woman. Delhi, Tamil Nadu and West Ben­gal have low­est fer­til­ity

IN­DIA'S HEALTH 1

spend­ing is a pal­try `3 per day per capita or 1.02 per cent of the GDP, much lower than the global av­er­age of 6 per cent. The fig­ure puts In­dia be­hind even lower-in­come coun­tries like Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Mal­dives. One gov­ern­ment al­lo­pathic doc­tor serves ev­ery 11,082 peo­ple, 11 times more than the WHO rec­om­mended ra­tio of 1:1,000. Sim­i­larly, one gov­ern­ment den­tal sur­geon serves ev­ery 176,004 peo­ple.

2 AS­SAM, ODISHA,

Mad­hya Pradesh and Ut­tar Pradesh are the worst states to be born in, with their in­fant mor­tal­ity, neona­tal mor­tal­ity and ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity much higher than the na­tional av­er­age. Over­all, the pic­ture was not too grim, with a marked de­crease in the in­fant mor­tal­ity rate (from 74 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1994 to 34 in 2016) and ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity rate (that de­creased by 11 points dur­ing 2010-13). Life ex­pectancy has im­proved too.

RA­BIES WAS 3

among the most lethal com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases in 2017, with a 100 per cent fa­tal­ity rate in 97 re­ported cases. Most deaths were re­ported from West Ben­gal (26) and then Kar­nataka (15). Swine flu cases in­creased 21 times. Ja­panese En­cephali­tis cases were 2,180 with 12 per cent mor­tal­ity rate. Most cases (693) and deaths (93) were re­ported from Ut­tar Pradesh. While chikun­gunya cases shot up by 70 per cent since 2013, dengue cases in­creased by 22 per cent in 2017.

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