So­lar fun­da­men­tals

Electronics For You - - Career -

The ba­sic com­po­nents of a so­lar power sys­tem are: A set of PV pan­els that trans­form sun­light (pho­tons) into DC electricity A rack­ing sys­tem that firmly holds the pan­els to the roof and ex­poses the pan­els to the sun at an ad­van­ta­geous an­gle In­vert­ers that trans­form DC electricity into AC electricity Wiring that con­nects ev­ery­thing Stor­age bat­tery (in the case of grid-fed power plant, big-size bat­tery is not nec­es­sary to store and use power af­ter sunset) So­lar cells are the ba­sic el­e­ments of a so­lar mod­ule or panel. These cells are made of sil­i­con—a com­mon semi­con­duc­tor ma­te­rial.

The man­u­fac­tur­ing base in In­dia com­prises cells and mod­ule man­u­fac­tur­ing. For polysil­i­con or crys­talline wafers—the key raw ma­te­rial for cell man­u­fac­tur­ing—the coun­try is de­pen­dent on im­ports. In­dian com­pa­nies en­ter the value chain from wafer on­wards and man­u­fac­ture PV cells from these and then as­sem­ble the cells into mod­ules and so on. po­si­tion of sales and mar­ket­ing en­gi­neer. You should be will­ing to travel to dif­fer­ent places. As you gain ex­pe­ri­ence, you can grow to the po­si­tion of man­ager for sales and mar­ket­ing.

For equip­ment main­te­nance, you should be a BE or B.tech in elec­tron­ics and elec­tri­cal en­gi­neer­ing with ex­pe­ri­ence in equip­ment main­te­nance in a man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try. You should have worked with pro­gram­mable logic con­trol based equip­ment. Also, you should be good at trou­bleshoot­ing and run­ing ma­chines with min­i­mal down time.

If aim­ing for pro­duc­tion man­age­ment, you should be a BE or B.tech in elec­tron­ics/ in­stru­men­ta­tion/ mecha­tron­ics or M.SC. in physics/elec­tron­ics with ex­pe­ri­ence in a man­u­fac­tur­ing en­vi­ron­ment— prefer­ably in the elec­tron­ics or light en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try. Can­di­dates with ex­pe­ri­ence in semi­con­duc­tor de­vices, so­lar pho­to­voltaic cells or mod­ules man­u­fac­tur­ing are pre­ferred. A good in­sight of mod­ern man­u­fac­tur­ing prac­tices and prior work ex­pe­ri­ence in a sys­tems based en­vi­ron­ment are de­sir­able.

For project man­age­ment, you should have ex­pe­ri­ence in turnkey project man­age­ment in a man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try. Prior ex­pe­ri­ence in han­dling ma­jor projects un­der chal­leng­ing con­di­tions is de­sir­able.

Where to study

The so­lar PV in­dus­try is in a very nascent stage and the in­fra­struc­ture not com­pletely built in In­dia. How­ever, with the rapid de­vel­op­ment of this in­dus­try, there will be re­quire­ment of fresh grad­u­ates and post­grad­u­ates who can be trained in the re­spec­tive ar­eas.

There is a huge tal­ent crunch as few col­leges or in­sti­tutes of­fer cour­ses ded­i­cated to so­lar en­ergy or re­new­able en­ergy. How­ever, there are about 25 in­sti­tutes in In­dia of­fer­ing cour­ses in en­ergy stud­ies, with re­new­able en­ergy as one of the sub­jects.

Most of the cour­ses in re­new­able en­ergy are avail­able at the mas­ter’s level. Some of the in­sti­tutes and uni­ver­si­ties of­fer­ing these cour­ses are Depart­ment of En­ergy Sci­ence & En­gi­neer­ing, IIT Mum­bai; Cen­ter of En­ergy Stud­ies, IIT, New Delhi; School of En­ergy Stud­ies, Ja­davpur Univeristy, Kolkata; Depart­ment of School of En­ergy Stud­ies, Univer­sity of Pune; TERI Univer­sity, New Delhi; Univer­sity of Lucknow; and Pan­dit Deen­dayal Petroleum Univer­sity (Gand­hi­na­gar, Gu­jarat). Out­side In­dia, Univer­sity of Dundee in Scot­t­land and Univer­sity of Not­ting­ham in Eng­land also of­fer this course.

Also, there are cen­tres of en­ergy

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