Clean-up act

With In­dia de­ter­mined to have 175 GW of re­new­able en­ergy ca­pac­ity by 2022, the govt has de­clared the tra­jec­tory of bid­ding 60 GW of so­lar & 20 GW of wind en­ergy by March 2020, leav­ing it with just 2 years for ex­e­cu­tion of projects

Financial Chronicle - - FRONT PAGE -

IN view of its com­mit­ment to its Na­tion­ally De­ter­mined Con­tri­bu­tions as per the Paris Ac­cord on Cli­mate Change, In­dia has pledged that by 2030, 40 per cent of in­stalled power gen­er­a­tion ca­pac­ity shall be based on clean sources and 175 GW of re­new­able en­ergy ca­pac­ity will be in­stalled by 2022. This in­cludes 100 GW from so­lar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hy­dro power. The sub­stan­tial higher ca­pac­ity tar­get will en­sure greater en­ergy se­cu­rity, im­proved en­ergy ac­cess and en­hanced em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties. With the ac­com­plish­ment of this am­bi­tious tar­get, In­dia will be­come one of the largest Green En­ergy pro­duc­ers in the world, even sur­pass­ing sev­eral de­vel­oped coun­tries.

RE­NEW­ABLE EN­ERGY

A to­tal of around 73.35 GW of re­new­able en­ergy ca­pac­ity has been in­stalled in the coun­try as on Oc­to­ber, 2018 from all re­new­able en­ergy sources which in­cludes around 34.98 GW from Wind, 24.33 GW from so­lar, 4.5 GW from Small Hy­dro Power and 9.54 GW from Bio-power. Fur­ther, projects worth 46.75 GW ca­pac­ity have been bid out/un­der in­stal­la­tion. The gov­ern­ment has de­clared the tra­jec­tory of bid­ding 60 GW ca­pac­ity of so­lar en­ergy and 20 GW ca­pac­ity of wind en­ergy till 31.03.2020. Projects worth each 30 GW so­lar power and 10 GW wind power ca­pac­ity would be bid out each in the year 2018-19 & 2019-20. This has given as­sur­ance to the re­new­able en­ergy de­vel­op­ers & in­vestors com­mu­nity about longterm com­mit­ment and plan­ning by the gov­ern­ment in the RE sec­tor en­cour­ag­ing them to make risk-free in­vest­ments in the coun­try.

■ In­dia holds 5th po­si­tion for over­all in­stalled re­new­able en­ergy ca­pac­ity, 4th po­si­tion for wind power and 5th po­si­tion for so­lar power in the world.

■ Reg­is­tered low­est ever so­lar tar­iffs in In­dia of Rs 2.44 per unit in re­verse auc­tions have been car­ried out by the So­lar En­ergy Cor­po­ra­tion of In­dia (SECI) in May 2017, for 200 MW and again in July, 2018, for 600 MW. Reg­is­tered low­est ever wind tar­iff of Rs.2.43 per unit in a ten­der of 500 MW project has been by the Gu­jarat gov­ern­ment in De­cem­ber 2017.

■ The cu­mu­la­tive re­new­able en­ergy in­stalled ca­pac­ity has in­creased from 35.51 GW as on 31.03.2014 to 73.35 GW as on 31.10.2018 (in­crease of around 106% dur­ing last four & a half years). The ca­pac­ity ad­di­tion of over 37.84 GW grid con­nected re­new­able power has been achieved dur­ing the past four and a half years (2014-15 to 2018-19) which in­cludes 21.7 GW from So­lar Power, 13.98 GW from Wind Power, 0.7 GW from Small Hy­dro Power and 1.5 GW from Bio-power.

■ A to­tal of 101.83 bil­lion units of power were gen­er­ated in the coun­try dur­ing the year 2017-18 from all re­new­able en­ergy sources as com­pared to 61.78 bil­lion units gen­er­ated in 2014-15 (in­crease of around 65% dur­ing last four years). Share of re­new­able en­ergy in terms of over­all power gen­er­a­tion has reached around 8% from 5.5% in 2014-15. Fur­ther, 62.66 BU of en­ergy is gen­er­ated dur­ing 2018-19 up to Au­gust 2018.

SO­LAR EN­ERGY

The gov­ern­ment has re­vised the tar­get of Grid Con­nected So­lar Power Projects from 20,000 MW by 202122 to 100,000 MW by 2021-22 un­der the Na­tional So­lar Mis­sion.

■ The coun­try cur­rently has the fifth high­est so­lar-in­stalled ca­pac­ity in the world with to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity of 24.33 GW as on Oc­to­ber, 2018 against a tar­get of 100 GW by 2022. Fur­ther, 22.8 GW ca­pac­ity is un­der im­ple­men­ta­tion or have been ten­dered out.

■ The Min­istry plans to bid out re­main­ing so­lar power ca­pac­ity in 2018-19 and 2019-20, so that bid­ding gets com­pleted for en­tire 100 GW ca­pac­ity ad­di­tions by March 2020, leav­ing two years’ time for ex­e­cu­tion of projects.

■ The tar­iff for grid-con­nected so­lar power projects is de­ter­mined through com­pet­i­tive bid­ding process in­volv­ing re­verse e-auc­tion. This has helped in bring­ing down the tar­iff sig­nif­i­cantly. The low­est so­lar tar­iff dis­cov­ered in In­dia is Rs 2.44/kWh in July 2018 in ISTSbased bid­ding. The so­lar tar­iff has come down from around Rs 18/kWh in 2010 to Rs 2.44/kWh in 2018 due to fac­tors like economies of scale, as­sured avail­abil­ity of land and power evac­u­a­tion sys­tems etc.

■ So­lar Parks are be­ing set up in the coun­try. 47 so­lar parks of ag­gre­gate ca­pac­ity 26,694 MW have been ap­proved in 21 states up to Novem­ber 2018. Over 1,00,000 lakh acres of land has been iden­ti­fied for var­i­ous so­lar parks out of which over 75,000 acres have been ac­quired. So­lar projects of ag­gre­gate ca­pac­ity 4195 MW have been com­mis­sioned in­side var­i­ous so­lar parks.

■ The Min­istry is also tak­ing up projects for new emerg­ing tech­nolo­gies such as float­ing so­lar power.

WIND EN­ERGY

The coun­try cur­rently has the fourth high­est wind in­stalled ca­pac­ity in the world with to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity of 34.98 GW as on Oc­to­ber, 2018 against a tar­get of 60 GW by 2022. Fur­ther, around 9.4 GW ca­pac­ity is un­der im­ple­men­ta­tion or have been ten­dered out.

■ The Min­istry plans to bid out 10 GW wind power ca­pac­ity each year for 2018-19 and 2019-20, so that bid­ding gets com­pleted for en­tire 60 GW ca­pac­ity ad­di­tions by March 2020, leav­ing two years’ time for ex­e­cu­tion of projects.

■ The re­cent as­sess­ment con­ducted by Na­tional In­sti­tute of Wind En­ergy (NIWE) in­di­cates a gross wind power po­ten­tial of 302 GW in the coun­try at 100 me­tres above ground level.

■ The ca­pac­ity ad­di­tions till 2017 were through Feed-in-Tar­iff (FiT) mech­a­nism. Sub­se­quently, the tar­iff regime has been shifted from Feed-in-Tar­iff (FiT) to bid­ding route.

■ The gov­ern­ment has is­sued ‘Guide­lines for Tar­iff-Based Com­pet­i­tive Bid­ding Process for Pro­cure­ment of Power from Grid Con­nected Wind Power Projects’, vide Res­o­lu­tion no­ti­fied on 8 De­cem­ber, 2017, to pro­vide a frame­work for pro­cure­ment of wind power through a trans­par­ent process of bid­ding. This has re­sulted in dis­cov­ery of low­est ever tar­iff for wind power.

■ The Na­tional Wind-So­lar Hy­brid Pol­icy was is­sued in May 2018. The main ob­jec­tive of the pol­icy is to pro­vide a frame­work for pro­mo­tion of large grid con­nected wind-so­lar PV hy­brid sys­tem for op­ti­mal and ef­fi­cient util­i­sa­tion of wind and so­lar re­sources, trans­mis­sion in­fra­struc­ture and land. The wind - so­lar PV hy­brid sys­tems will help in re­duc­ing the vari­abil­ity in re­new­able power gen­er­a­tion and achiev­ing bet­ter grid sta­bil­ity.

■ A bid for set­ting up of first 1200 MW Green­field wind so­lar hy­brid project was floated by SECI.

■ The Na­tional Off­shore wind en­ergy pol­icy was no­ti­fied in Oc­to­ber 2015 with an ob­jec­tive to de­velop the off­shore wind en­ergy in the In­dian Ex­clu­sive Eco­nomic Zone (EEZ) along the In­dian coast­line.

■ Ini­tial stud­ies car­ried out by NIWE in­di­cate off­shore wind en­ergy po­ten­tial off the coasts Gu­jarat and Tamil Nadu.

■ Li­DAR was com­mis­sioned on the monopile plat­form in Novem­ber 2017 at Gulf of Khamb­hat, off Gu­jarat coast for wind re­source as­sess­ment.

■ NIWE floated Ex­pres­sion of In­ter­est GW off Khamb 35 part na­tiona

■ Na­tio ca­pacit and 30

■ The e try has tem, pr and a m the-art able in t ture of w global p pres­enc dif­feren are bei than 1 In­dia. W nents a

st (EoI) for es­tab­lish­ment of 1 fshore wind farm in Gulf of bhat re­gion off Gu­jarat coast. ties (both na­tional and in­teral) showed in­ter­est. onal tar­gets for off­shore wind ty ad­di­tions of 5 GW by 2022 by 2030 de­clared. ex­pan­sion of the wind in­dus­re­sulted in a strong ecosys­ro­ject op­er­a­tion ca­pa­bil­i­ties man­u­fac­tur­ing base. State-oft tech­nolo­gies are now availthe coun­try for the man­u­facwind tur­bines. All the ma­jor play­ers in this field have their ce in the coun­try. Over 24 nt models of wind tur­bines ing man­u­fac­tured by more 12 dif­fer­ent com­pa­nies in Wind tur­bines and com­poare be­ing ex­ported to the US, Aus­tralia, Europe, Brazil and other Asian coun­tries. Around 70-80% in­di­geni­sa­tion has been achieved with strong do­mes­tic man­u­fac­tur­ing in the wind sec­tor. BIO POWER The Min­istry of New and Re­new­able En­ergy has been pro­mot­ing Biomass Power and Ba­gasse Co­gen­er­a­tion in the coun­try in or­der to utilise the coun­try’s avail­able biomass re­sources like ba­gasse, rice husk, straw, cot­ton stalk, co­conut shells etc. for power gen­er­a­tion.

■ Waste to En­ergy projects are also be­ing set up for gen­er­a­tion of En­ergy from Ur­ban, In­dus­trial and Agri­cul­tural Waste / Residues such as mu­nic­i­pal solid wastes, veg­etable and other mar­ket wastes, slaugh­ter­house waste, agri­cul­tural residues and in­dus­trial wastes & ef­flu­ents.

■ A to­tal ca­pac­ity of 9.54 GW of grid con­nected bio-power has been in­stalled in the coun­try as on Oc­to­ber 2018 against a tar­get of 10 GW biopower by 2022. This in­cludes 8.73 GW from ba­gasse co­gen­er­a­tion, 0.68 GW from non-ba­gasse co­gen­er­a­tion and 0.13 GW from waste to en­ergy. SMALL HY­DRO POWER A to­tal ca­pac­ity of 4.5 GW of grid con­nected small hy­dro power has been in­stalled in the coun­try as on Oc­to­ber 2018 against a tar­get of 5 GW small hy­dro power by 2022. Fur­ther, 126 no. of projects of ca­pac­ity 0.73 GW are un­der var­i­ous stages of im­ple­men­ta­tion. EN­ERGY STOR­AGE En­ergy Stor­age is one of the cru­cial & crit­i­cal com­po­nents of In­dia's en­ergy in­fra­struc­ture strat­egy and also for sup­port­ing In­dia's sus­tained thrust to re­new­ables and elec­tric mo­bil­ity. Aim­ing to strive to­wards lead­er­ship in the en­ergy stor­age sec­tor by cre­at­ing an en­abling pol­icy and reg­u­la­tory frame­work, a com­pre­hen­sive Na­tional En­ergy Stor­age Mis­sion (NESM) has been de­vel­oped. The Mis­sion fo­cuses on de­mand cre­ation, indige­nous man­u­fac­tur­ing, in­no­va­tion and nec­es­sary pol­icy sup­port for pro­lif­er­a­tion of En­ergy Stor­age in the coun­try. OFF-GRID RE­NEW­ABLES The Min­istry is im­ple­ment­ing off grid and De­cen­tralised re­new­ables pro­gramme for meet­ing en­ergy de­mand for cook­ing, light­ing, mo­tive power, space heat­ing, hot wa­ter gen­er­a­tion, etc. The Min­istry also sup­ports de­ploy­ment of de­cen­tralised so­lar ap­pli­ca­tions like so­lar lanterns, so­lar street lights, so­lar home lights, so­lar pumps, etc. in the coun­try. As on Oc­to­ber, 2018, over 40 lakh lantern & lamps, 16.72 lakh home lights, 6.40 lakh street lights, 1.96 lakh so­lar pumps and 187.99 MWp stand alone have been in­stalled in the coun­try. RE­SEARCH & DE­VEL­OP­MENT The MNRE has de­cided to scale-up its R&D ef­fort to Tech­nol­ogy De­vel­op­ment and In­no­va­tion Pro­gramme. The fo­cus is on pro­mot­ing ap­pli­ca­tion-ori­ented in­no­va­tion, in­te­grated with re­search and de­vel­op­ment for com­mer­cial ap­pli­ca­tions and test­ing and stan­dard­i­s­a­tion for qual­ity and re­li­a­bil­ity as­sur­ance in re­new­able en­ergy sec­tor. A Tech­nol­ogy De­vel­op­ment and In­no­va­tion Pol­icy (TDIP) is also be­ing fi­nalised. It is based on a ro­bust ecosys­tem for sup­port for re­search, in­no­va­tion and val­i­da­tion for tech­nol­ogy de­vel­op­ment and demon­stra­tion, test­ing and stan­dard­i­s­a­tion, awards for in­no­va­tion linked with start-ups.

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