VER­BA­TIM

The Tyranny of Emer­gency

Governance Now - - BRIEFINGS -

“Hav­ing im­posed emer­gency on 26th June, 1975, mrs. Indira gandhi got is­sued a procla­ma­tion un­der ar­ti­cle 359 sus­pend­ing fun­da­men­tal rights. as a re­sult of this, the right to free speech and per­sonal lib­erty was gone. only cen­sored news was avail­able. on June 29th, in or­der to de­flect at­ten­tion from the sus­pen­sion of democ­racy in In­dia, she an­nounced a Twenty Point Pro­gramme for the re­vival of In­dian econ­omy. In fact, large num­ber of these twenty points were also ret­ro­grade eco­nomic mea­sures which had to be re­versed in the post 1991 eco­nomic re­forms. Thou­sands of po­lit­i­cal de­tenues, jour­nal­ists and aca­demics were de­tained all over the coun­try . ... “an at­mos­phere of fear and ter­ror pre­vailed in the coun­try out­side. Po­lit­i­cal ac­tiv­ity had come to a grind­ing halt. The dis­senters were mainly po­lit­i­cal work­ers of the op­po­si­tion party and the rss. They kept re­peat­edly or­ga­niz­ing satya­gra­has where a num­ber of peo­ple courted ar­rest. It goes to the credit of Shi­ro­mani Akali Dal that it of­fered its cadres for satya­graha ev­ery day through­out the emer­gency out­side the golden Tem­ple and courted ar­rest. This earned akali dal a great re­spect in the en­tire coun­try. The rss which was un­fairly banned also pro­vided a large cadre for satya­graha. “The press was com­pletely ter­ror­ized. most edi­tors and jour­nal­ists sur­ren­dered and rec­on­ciled with the idea of liv­ing in dic­ta­tor­ship. The con­gress Party news­pa­per ‘na­tional Her­ald’ ed­i­to­ri­ally commented that time had come for In­dia to evolve into a sin­gle party democ­racy. mrs. gandhi her­self called for the grad­u­a­tion of In­dia from democ­racy to a “dis­ci­plined democ­racy”. To give it cred­i­bil­ity at the cost of los­ing his own, acharya Vi­noba Bhave called the emer­gency ‘anushasan Parva’.” – From one of Arun Jait­ley’s three Face­book posts on the the Emer­gency.

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