Fake news messages circulating amongst those with a right-leaning identity usually have the following themes:
1. Overtly anti-minority discourse. 2. Hindu power and superiority. 3. Preservation and revival of ancient glories (usually Hindu) 4. Progress and national pride: One of the most common types of fake news messages found are built around a central narrative of India’s near-unstoppable progress in the modern world. Often, international or global bodies like UNESCO are included in these messages as evidence. 5. Personality and prowess of PM Modi: Messages often highlighting Modi’s achievements, quantified with a barrage of data and statistics. Also messages comparing Modi’s achievements and contrasting them with the lack of achievements – and outright corruption – of the previous regimes headed by the Congress.
In Indian Twitter networks, known rightwing handles are much more organised than the left wing, pushing nationalistic stories further