Win­ter Wise

Tips, tricks and strate­gies to weather win­ter’s cold dry air grace­fully.

Health & Nutrition - - CONTENTS -

Get your skin and hair ready for cold weather

MAKEUP Pay at­ten­tion to lips Switch to lip prod­ucts with treat­ment prop­er­ties and sun pro­tec­tion since lips are con­tin­u­ally ex­posed to the rav­ages of wind and cold air and have very lit­tle nat­u­ral pig­ment to screen out the sun. The skin on the lips is very thin. It has few oil glands and no sweat glands, which means mois­ture evap­o­rates quickly and is slow to be re­placed. Lip­sticks with hy­drat­ing and heal­ing vi­ta­min E as well as can­delila wax will of­fer the pro­tec­tion lips need. HANDS Pam­per dry cu­ti­cles It doesn’t take fil­ing pa­pers to rip brittle cu­ti­cles – they’ll do it on their own. Treat dam­aged cu­ti­cles with creams that con­tain con­di­tion­ing and heal­ing in­gre­di­ents such as shea but­ter. Mas­sage the cream into each fin­ger­tip and nail base. Af­ter a few min­utes, when the cu­ti­cles be­come softer, gen­tly push them back with an orange­wood stick. To pre­vent crack­ing and rip­ping, which can lead to in­fec­tion, ap­ply a dose of cu­ti­cle oil to the nail bed. BODY Treat, mois­tur­ize and ex­fo­li­ate Now is the time to start cos­metic der­ma­to­logic treat­ments such as laser resur­fac­ing, peels, hair re­moval or scle­rother­apy for spi­der veins, since lasers are at­tracted to darker pig­ments and may re­move more melanin from those ar­eas of skin. Der­ma­tol­o­gists rec­om­mend wait­ing six to eight weeks af­ter sun ex­po­sure be­fore any type of laser pro­ce­dure. Like­wise, stay out of the sun for three to four months af­ter laser treat­ment, when skin is ex­tra sen­si­tive and more prone to sun dam­age and un­de­sir­able changes of color. The less hu­mid­ity in the air, the less mois­ture in your der­mis. Re­place soap with gen­tle shower gels that con­tain sooth­ing anti-dry­ing in­gre­di­ents such as aloe, seaweed ex­tract or laven­der. In the shower, scrub skin gen­tly with a loofah for five to seven min­utes to slough off dead cells, then ap­ply a light mois­tur­izer with say, almond oil, pay­ing spe­cial at­ten­tion to prob­lem ar­eas such as el­bows and heels.

Der­mis The dense, rich layer of skin be­neath the epi­der­mis (sur­face), con­sist­ing of col­la­gen and elastin fi­bres, nerve end­ings and blood ves­sels. Humec­tant A sub­stance that draws wa­ter from the en­vi­ron­ment or the der­mis into the skin to help it re­tain mois­ture. (Glyc­erin, for ex­am­ple, is a humec­tant.) Found in many “oil-free” prod­ucts. Hy­poal­ler­genic Gen­er­ally means a prod­uct is “less likely to cause an al­ler­gic re­ac­tion.” There are, how­ever, no legal guide­lines gov­ern­ing which in­gre­di­ents can or can­not be used in th­ese prod­ucts. Lano­lin (“wool wax”) A popular mois­tur­izer and lu­bri­cant, which comes from the greasy coat­ing on sheep’s wool. Com­monly found in creams for dry skin but may be too heavy for oily skin. Non­come­do­genic (nonac­ne­genic) Th­ese prod­ucts should not clog pores and/or cause pim­ples ( comedo means “black­head”). How­ever, it’s sim­i­lar to the term hy­poal­ler­genic in that there are no rules deem­ing which prod­ucts will and will not be la­beled non­come­do­genic. pH The mea­sure of acid or alkaline con­tent in a sub­stance (from 0 to 14, 0 be­ing the most acidic). The pH of healthy skin is 5 or 6, while bar soaps have a pH usu­ally around 10, which is too alkaline and may leave skin feel­ing un­com­fort­ably tight. (To test the pH of a prod­uct, dip a lit­mus pa­per strip into it; the color change will in­di­cate the pH level.) Sur­fac­tants Wet­ting agents that al­low oil and wa­ter to mix so they can be lifted off the skin. They give soap its “cleans­ing ac­tion.” Ti­ta­nium diox­ide This phys­i­cal sun­block ef­fec­tively screens out both UVA and UVB rays by form­ing a layer that pre­vents them from reach­ing the skin. Tretinoin A syn­thetic de­riv­a­tive of vi­ta­min A, it helps to loosen and re­move the skin’s sur­face layer, un­clog pores, in­crease cell turnover rate and coun­ter­act the for­ma­tion of pim­ples. Brand names are Ren­ova (for photo-aging) and Retino-A (for acne). Wa­ter-based (in foun­da­tion) Means there is more wa­ter in the prod­uct than there is oil -- although oil is still present. The for­mu­la­tion of a wa­ter-based prod­uct tends to be light-weight and sheer. Wa­ter­proof (in sun pro­tec­tion) Works up to 80 min­utes un­der­wa­ter. Wa­ter-re­sis­tant (in sun pro­tec­tion) Works up to 40 min­utes un­der­wa­ter. Zinc ox­ide This phys­i­cal block ef­fec­tively screens out both UVA and UVB rays by form­ing a layer that pre­vents them from reach­ing the skin. Years ago, it was opaque, but new for­mu­la­tions have made it nearly trans­par­ent.

FACE Lighten up on treat­ment prod­ucts In cold, dry weather, skin’s outer layer be­comes frag­ile and sus­cep­ti­ble to ir­ri­ta­tion and red­ness. If you’re us­ing top­i­cal pre­scrip­tion creams such as Ren­ova, Retino-A or al­pha-hy­droxy- or beta-hy­droxy-acid...

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