like hepatitis B, can cause liver inflammation leading to liver cancer. It is spread in the same ways.
Human papilloma viruses (HPVs), some of which are spread through unprotected sexual activity, can increase the risk of cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, anal and mouth and throat cancers. Women aged between 35 and 65 years should get HPV and Pap tests done to detect the virus and precancerous cells. Smoking can increase risk.