TOOTH TROU­BLE

Health & Nutrition - - TRAVEL TIME -

Can pe­ri­odon­tal dis­ease in­crease my risk of heart dis­ease and other con­di­tions?

Rekha Chau­van, Mum­bai

Although the con­nec­tion be­tween heart dis­ease, stroke and gum dis­ease has not been con­clu­sively proved, there is very strong ev­i­dence that there is a con­nec­tion be­tween them. Re­searchers have found that peo­ple with pe­ri­odon­tal dis­ease are al­most twice as likely to have heart dis­ease, and that risk may be even greater for those with high blood choles­terol. Doc­tors sus­pect that the link be­tween the two dis­eases is due to the same bac­te­ria. In this sce­nario, bac­te­ria found in the in­fected gum tis­sue around the teeth break down the bar­rier be­tween the gums and the un­der­ly­ing con­nec­tive tis­sue, caus­ing in­flam­ma­tion. Dur­ing nor­mal chew­ing or brush­ing, bac­te­ria can en­ter the blood stream and move to the other parts of the cir­cu­la­tory sys­tem, con­tribut­ing to the for­ma­tion of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. By keep­ing your mouth clean and pre­vent­ing gum dis­ease, you can re­duce the in­ci­dence of stroke and heart dis­ease which then im­proves the qual­ity and longevity of life.

Dr Ma­hesh Lal­wani, Den­tal Sur­geon

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