Pun­jab fi­nally over­hauls mu­nic­i­pal build­ing rules

Hindustan Times (Chandigarh) - Estates - - FRONT PAGE - Mu­niesh­wer A Sa­gar mu­niesh­wer.sa­[email protected]­dus­tan­times.com


CHANDIGARH: More than one-anda-half year af­ter the ‘Draft Pun­jab Mu­nic­i­pal Build­ing ByeLaws’ were for­mu­lated in May 2017, the de­part­ment of lo­cal gov­ern­ment has fi­nally no­ti­fied Pun­jab Mu­nic­i­pal Build­ing ByeLaws, 2018.

The new rules, ap­pli­ca­ble to build­ing ac­tiv­ity in all mu­nic­i­pal ar­eas, de­part from not only the older mu­nic­i­pal build­ing rules, 2010, but also from the draft rules of 2017. Now, the mu­nic­i­pal build­ing rules are in greater par­ity with PUDA build­ing rules and Model Build­ing By­laws, 2016, is­sued by the Union min­istry of ur­ban de­vel­op­ment and poverty al­le­vi­a­tion, and Na­tional Build­ing Code (NBC)


Park­ing norms: In the res­i­den­tial plot­ted cat­e­gory, while the ground cov­er­age, floor area ra­tio, and road width re­mains the same, park­ing norms stand mod­i­fied.

Park­ing has been made manda­tory in res­i­den­tial plots, rang­ing from two scooter park­ing spa­ces and three ECS (equiv­a­lent car space) for plots de­pend­ing on size. For plots smaller than 100 sq m, park­ing space must be left for two scooter park­ing; for plots 100 sq m to 150 sq m, 1 ECS; for 150 sq m to 200 sq m plots, 2 ECS; and for plots big- ger than 200 sq m, 3 ECS.

Green norms: In or­der to bring in align­ment with Na­tional Sus­tain­able Habi­tat Mis­sion, the new build­ing rules man­date that the mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties shall en­cour­age aug­men­ta­tion of green cover by fol­low­ing the Ur­ban Green­ing Guide­lines, 2014, of the Cen­tre.

New bye-laws make it manda­tory to have min­i­mum one tree for ev­ery 80 sq m plot area for plot sizes greater than 100 sq m and planted within the set­back of the plot. Also, com­pen­satory plan­ta­tion for felled trees in the ra­tio 1:3 within the premises un­der con­sid­er­a­tion.

For res­i­den­tial plots with 100 sq m area and above, wa­ter con­ser­va­tion and man­age­ment like rain­wa­ter har­vest­ing, low wa­ter con­sump­tion plumb­ing fix­tures, waste wa­ter re­cy­cle; so­lar en­ergy util­i­sa­tion - in­stal­la­tion of so­lar pho­to­voltaic pan­els; and waste man­age­ment - seg­re­ga­tion of waste is a must.

Ground wa­ter shall not be used for con­struc­tion pur­poses. All build­ing hav­ing a min­i­mum dis­charge of 10,000 litre and above per day shall in­cor­po­rate waste wa­ter re­cy­cling sys­tem. The re­cy­cled wa­ter should be used for hor­ti­cul­tural pur­poses, stip­u­late the new rules.

In­de­pen­dent floor de­fined: While in­de­pen­dent floor cat­e­gory has been clearly de­fined for some time now un­der the PUDA build­ing rules, un­der the mu­nic­i­pal build­ing rules, the cat­e­gory gets de­fined for the first time. Min­i­mum ap­proach road should be 12 m, max­i­mum

height of the build­ing is 15 m and max­i­mum num­ber of floors has been re­stricted to stilt plus 4 floors (S+4). Manda­tory park­ing space for the cat­e­gory range from 1.5 ECS per dwelling unit (DW) to 3 ECS per DW. Sig­nif­i­cantly, plots pro­posed for in­de­pen­dent floors shall be in row hous­ing and ear­marked for in­de­pen­dent floors in the lay­out plan or zon­ing plan. No in­di­vid­ual plot in any block which is not ear­marked in the lay­out plan or zon­ing plan for in­de­pen­dent floors shall be al­lowed to be con­structed as an in­de­pen­dent floor un­less the build­ing is de­tached hav­ing min­i­mum plot area 800 sq m. The park­ing re­quired in case of in­de­pen­dent floors shall com­pul­sory be un­der stilts.

Group hous­ing: For group hous­ing, min­i­mum road width has been in­creased to 18 m (60 ft) from 40 ft. The min­i­mum area re­mains the same. Ho­tels and mini­plexes: Ho­tels have been added as a new cat­e­gory and de­fined on same pat­tern as PUDA build­ing rules with min­i­mum plot size of 1,000 sq yards and min­i­mum road width of 40 ft.

Sim­i­larly, mini­plex has been de­fined for the first time. Two screen mini­plexes can be con­structed on 60 ft wide road with plot size of 2,000 sq m.

Unau­tho­rised de­vel­op­ment: In case of unau­tho­rised de­vel­op­ment, the Au­thor­ity shall take suitable ac­tion, which may in­clude de­mo­li­tion of unau­tho­rised work, seal­ing of premises, prose­cu­tion and crim­i­nal pro­ceed­ing against the of­fender.

The mu­nic­i­pal em­ploy­ees, who by their act of com­mis­sion or omis­sion have al­lowed unau­tho­rised con­struc­tions, will be li­able for sim­i­lar ac­tion.


In case of res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial plots, the min­i­mum plot size has not been de­fined. In case of group hous­ing, the or­gan­ised green space is yet to be de­fined. Sim­i­lar is the case with colony.

It is de­fined un­der the Pun­jab Apart­ment and Prop­erty Reg­u­la­tion Act (PAPRA).

Cer­tain road widths are not in con­so­nance with the master plan pro­vi­sions.

For in­stance, while the master plan stip­u­late min­i­mum road width to be 40 ft, un­der the mu­nic­i­pal build­ing rules, 30 ft min­i­mum road width is al­lowed.


As per the new rules, plots pro­posed for in­de­pen­dent floors shall be in row hous­ing and ear­marked for in­de­pen­dent floors in the lay­out plan or zon­ing plan.

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