THE 12 PRIN­CI­PLES OF PER­MA­CUL­TURE

Hindustan Times (Chandigarh) - - World -

Ob­serve and in­ter­act: Recog­nise lo­cal con­di­tions, learn about rain­fall pat­terns, visit other lo­cal gar­dens.

Catch and store en­ergy: Fig­ure out ways to con­serve re­sources, par­tic­u­larly wa­ter; this in­cludes rainwater har­vest­ing, re­cy­cling grey wa­ter etc.

Ob­tain a yield: De­sign a sys­tem that pro­motes self-re­liance. Yield also cov­ers the ex­change of skills and in­for­ma­tion from one gar­dener to an­other.

Ap­ply self-reg­u­la­tion and ac­cept feed­back: Re­plant un­pro­duc­tive ar­eas, im­prove soil for fu­ture gen­er­a­tions, plant peren­ni­als.

Use and value re­new­able re­sources and ser­vices: Grow trees for shade, to build homes and as fuel.

Pro­duce no waste:

Be fru­gal, re­use and use less.

De­sign from pat­terns to de­tails: Mimic pat­terns in na­ture for in­spi­ra­tion. Plants and an­i­mals must be in­te­grated in the de­sign sys­tem to mu­tu­ally ben­e­fit.

In­te­grate rather than seg­re­gate: Place plants to­gether in ways that help co­op­er­ate rather than com­pete.

Small and slow so­lu­tions: Un­der­stand that are no quick fixes or im­me­di­ate re­turns. Yields will be slow, but ev­ery step must be prac­ti­cal and en­ergy suf­fi­cient.

Use and value diver­sity: Fea­ture new va­ri­eties along with old favourites to cre­ate bal­ance.

Use edges and value the mar­ginal: Make the most of avail­able space, through un­usu­ally shaped flower beds, vines as bound­ary walls etc.

Cre­atively re­spond to change: Adapt to the shift­ing cli­mate pat­terns, pest pop­u­la­tions, and other ex­ter­nal forces. All so­lu­tions must be sustainable.

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