Hindustan Times (Delhi)

Sari as a symbol of power and rebellion

- Dhrubo Jyoti letters@hindustant­imes.com

A WRAP Both late PM Indira Gandhi and Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s wife Rattanbai used the garment as a weapon against male authority, say writers Sagarika Ghose and Sheela Reddy

JAIPUR: A few days after she was married to Mohammad Ali Jinnah in 1918, Rattanbai Jinnah, better known as Ruttie, accompanie­d her husband to a grand ball thrown by the then governor of Bombay, Lord Willingdon.

By then, the 18-year-old Ruttie was already turning heads with her distinctiv­e sense of fashion, and her chiffon saris and sleeveless blouses were the talk of town. Unfortunat­ely for her, Lady Willingdon was conservati­ve and didn’t appreciate the way Mrs Jinnah had dressed. In the middle of dinner, she turned towards one of her staff and said, “Fetch Mrs Jinnah a wrap. I think she is feeling cold.”

The snub landed hard. Jinnah rose from the table with a start and said, “When my wife is feeling cold, she will tell you,” and the couple walked out in a huff. They were never to step inside the governor’s house again until the incumbent moved out.

Such stories and more were told on Day one of the Jaipur Literature Festival at a session on Indira Gandhi and Mr and Mrs Jinnah, where writers Sagarika Ghose and Sheela Reddy used the sartorial tastes of the two powerful women to give a glimpse into their lives, and the choices they made as tough, but vulnerable figures.

For former prime minister Gandhi, the sari was her weapon. Ghose recalled a particular­ly powerful moment in 1971 when she met the United States President Richard Nixon, who was then an ally of Pakistan and backing the neighbouri­ng country as the war for Bangladesh loomed.

Gandhi had spent a particular­ly trying day and had been made to wait for almost 45 minutes by Nixon. But she got her revenge at the dinner when she turned up in a resplenden­t sari, and kept her eyes closed throughout the party, offering staccato answers to Nixon, who was infuriated by the end of the night. To rub salt in his wounds, she took him by surprise the next day by answering questions, at a joint press conference, in French, a language he didn’t speak.

Indira Gandhi was also a connoisseu­r of saris. Ghose recalled a moment when she was campaignin­g once in an open jeep, and spotted a young girl in the crowd.

She turned to her chief of intelligen­ce, and asked what sari the girl was wearing. Stumped, the officer mumbled, “Silk”. No, pat came the reply, “She is wearing a handloom weave from Coimbatore. What intelligen­ce are you gathering?”

For Gandhi and Jinnah, the sari was not simply a garment. “Gandhi never wore it to exhibit femininity. It was a symbol of power, of a male authoritat­ive figure. She didn’t think of herself as a woman,” Ghose said.

Jinnah too, increasing­ly, used the sari that she was used to draping since she was 14, as a weapon – often against her husband. She would take nose rings and wear them as ear rings, she would pair a “mang tikka” with bobbed hair, said Reddy. Towards the end of her marriage, as she increasing­ly got lonely with Jinnah tied up in the whirlwind of national politics, she used her clothes as a rebellion. “She shocked the Muslim clergy. She would turn up at Muslim League meetings in a sort-of-transparen­t sari and colourful blouse. The clergy would complain and threaten to walk out, but she stood her ground,” she said.

Clearly, the Sari Pacts that are all the rage on social media are only taking off from where Mrs Indira Gandhi and Mrs Jinnah left off.

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