Two, 3-wheeler riders worst hit: WHO
Looking at the factors leading to fatalities, the report found that India meets “two to six” international vehicle safety standards. The limit on blood alcohol concentration as per the law in India is 0.03 g/dl. Reducing blood alcohol concentrations from 0.1 g/dl to 0.05 g/dl may contribute to reduction in alcohol related road traffic fatalities by 6 - 18%, the report states.
However, the maximum speed limit on urban and rural roads in India is 100 kmph. This is much higher than the speed of 50 kmph or less the report was looking at. “A 5% reduction in speed can reduce the number of fatalities by 30%,” it said.
“There is a need to take a multi-sectoral approach to tackle road crashes and deaths. There has to be better infrastructure that allows for safer travel, better vehicles, improved intervention and enforcement of laws, and a health system that can take care of accident victims. We need to look at the problem from a health perspective?” said Dr Dandona.
India is the fourth-largest vehicle producer in the world.
■ An estimated 22.6 people per 100,000 population died of traffic accidents in India in 2016.