Hindustan Times (Lucknow) - Live - - MY CITY -

Eat­ing an egg daily can have a ben­e­fi­cial ef­fect on the blood me­tab­o­lite pro­file that is re­lated to a lower risk of type 2 di­a­betes, a new study shows. The find­ings showed that the blood sam­ples of men who ate more eggs in­cluded cer­tain lipid mol­e­cules that pos­i­tively cor­re­lated with the blood pro­file of men who re­mained free of type 2 di­a­betes.

“The study ex­plored po­ten­tial com­pounds that could ex­plain this as­so­ci­a­tion us­ing non-tar­geted metabolomics, a tech­nique that en­ables a broad pro­fil­ing of chem­i­cals in a sam­ple,” said lead au­thor Ste­fa­nia No­er­man from the Univer­sity of East­ern Fin­land.Eggs re­main one of the most con­tro­ver­sial food items. High in­take of eggs has tra­di­tion­ally been dis­cour­aged, mainly due to their high choles­terol con­tent. How­ever, eggs are also a rich source of many bioac­tive com­pounds that can have ben­e­fi­cial ef­fects on health. This means that the health ef­fects of con­sum­ing eggs are dif­fi­cult to de­ter­mine based solely on their choles­terol con­tent, the re­searchers said.

For the study, pub­lished in Molec­u­lar Nu­tri­tion and Food Re­search, 239 serum sam­ples were an­a­lysed in four groups: men with higher (mean in­take one egg per day) or lower (mean in­take two eggs per week) egg in­take who de­vel­oped type 2 di­a­betes (cases) or re­mained healthy (con­trols) dur­ing the mean fol­low-up of nearly 20 years.

The study sug­gested some plau­si­ble mech­a­nisms which could at least partly ex­plain the in­verse as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween egg in­take and the pre­vi­ously ob­served lower risk of de­vel­op­ing type 2 di­a­betes.

In ad­di­tion, the re­searchers iden­ti­fied sev­eral bio­chem­i­cal com­pounds in blood that pre­dicted a higher risk of de­vel­op­ing type 2 di­a­betes, in­clud­ing the amino acid ty­ro­sine.

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