Hindustan Times (Noida) - - HTNATION -

In­dia is on track to achieve two of its three key cli­mate tar­gets un­der the Paris pact. In­dia’s na­tion­ally de­ter­mined con­tri­bu­tion to re­duc­ing CO2 emis­sions can mainly be cat­e­gorised un­der these three heads.

The first two are to achieve 40% of elec­tric power in­stalled ca­pac­ity from non-fos­sil fuel sources by 2030 and to re­duce

or­chards, can con­trib­ute size­ably to meet­ing the tar­get. Cen­tre is al­ready pi­lot­ing cli­mate proof­ing works un­der the scheme in 103 blocks of three dis­tricts of Bi­har, Odisha and Ch­hat­tis­garh, said Dharamveer Jha, joint di­rec­tor, min­istry of ru­ral de­vel­op­ment.

A team of sci­en­tists from IISC is con­duct­ing a pan-in­dia as­sess­ment of po­ten­tial from MGNREGA by di­vid­ing the area into var­i­ous agro-eco­log­i­cal re­gions and car­ry­ing out field stud­ies in sam­ple vil­lages in each state. In 2017-18, MGNREGA may have helped se­quester about 61.96 mil­lion tons of CO2 equiv­a­lent. Ac­tiv­i­ties with the high­est po­ten­tial was found to be drought­proof­ing, fol­lowed by land de­vel­op­ment, re­vival of tra­di­tional wa­ter bod­ies and wa­ter har­vest­ing, among oth­ers.

“Drought-proof­ing will in­crease the re­silience of com­mu­nity by help­ing them to cope with droughts, and with tree plant­ing

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