Pol­lu­tion killed 1.08L peo­ple in Maha last yr

Study says clean air would in­crease life ex­pectancy by 1.5 years

Hindustan Times (Ranchi) - - Nation - Sadaguru Pandit [email protected]­dus­tan­times.com ■

MUM­BAI: Air pol­lu­tion cost Ma­ha­rash­tra 1,08,038 lives in 2017, the sec­ond high­est in the coun­try, ac­cord­ing to a study pub­lished in the Lancet Plan­e­tary Health on Thurs­day. The state saw 86.9 air pol­lu­tion-re­lated deaths for ev­ery 1 lakh peo­ple, mak­ing it the 15th in the av­er­age deaths in the coun­try.

Mea­sur­ing the years lost by the af­fected pop­u­la­tion ow­ing to ill health, dis­abil­ity or early death, the re­searchers said that for ev­ery 1,00,000 peo­ple in Ma­ha­rash­tra, 2,311 years were lost to air pol­lu­tion. The study also re­vealed the av­er­age life ex­pectancy of Ma­ha­rash­tra would have been 1.5 years higher if the air pol­lu­tion lev­els were less.

Pro­fes­sor Kal­pana Balakr­ish­nan, direc­tor, depart­ment of en­vi­ron­men­tal health en­gi­neer­ing, Sri Ra­machan­dra In­sti­tute of Higher Ed­u­ca­tion and Re­search, the first au­thor of the study, said, “It is the first com­pre­hen­sive ef­fort to pro­duce a ro­bust es­ti­mate of the health im­pact of out­door and house­hold air pol­lu­tion in states of In­dia. There is in­creas­ing ev­i­dence glob­ally and from In­dian states about the as­so­ci­a­tion of air pol­lu­tion with pre­ma­ture death and disease bur­den. The find­ings are based on all avail­able data on air pol­lu­tion that were an­a­lysed us­ing the stan­dard­ised meth­ods of the Global Bur­den of Disease Study.”

The study looked at the im­pact of in­door and am­bi­ent air pol­lu­tion on the lives of peo­ple in terms of deaths, disease bur­den and life ex­pectancy re­duc­tion in all 29 states and seven union ter­ri­to­ries. It was found that the lev­els of pol­lu­tant par­tic­u­late mat­ter 2.5 (pol­lu­tants that are 2.5 mi­crons in size, small enough to eas­ily en­ter the lungs and cause health ail­ments) in Ma­ha­rash­tra is be­tween 40-59 mi­cro­gram per cu­bic me­tre (ug/m3) against the WHO stan­dard of 10 ug/m3 and na­tional stan­dards of 40 ug/m3. The am­bi­ent air pol­lu­tion alone has cost 62,677 lives in the state last year, al­most 60% of the to­tal deaths ow­ing to air pol­lu­tion.

Speak­ing on how air pol­lu­tion causes deaths or im­pacts lives, Pro­fes­sor Ran­deep Gu­le­ria, direc­tor, All In­dia In­sti­tute of Med­i­cal Sciences, said the air pol­lu­tion is a lead­ing cause of chronic ob­struc­tive pul­monary dis­or­ders and a ma­jor con­trib­u­tor to pneu­mo­nia and lung can­cer.

“The study pro­vides a com­pre­hen­sive es­ti­mate of ad­verse health im­pact of out­door and in­door air pol­lu­tion in the state, which would serve as a valu­able re­source for plan­ning air pol­lu­tion re­duc­tion strate­gies,” he said. “Air pol­lu­tion dam­ages the health of ev­ery per­son, from a new­born to an adult,” said Pro­fes­sor K Sri­nath Reddy, pres­i­dent, Pub­lic Health Foun­da­tion of In­dia (PHFI) that col­lab­o­rated in the study, along with the In­dian Coun­cil of Med­i­cal Re­search (ICMR), In­sti­tute of Health Met­rics and Eval­u­a­tion (IHME) with Min­istry of Health and Fam­ily Wel­fare.

MEA­SUR­ING THE YEARS LOST BY THE AF­FECTED POP­U­LA­TION OW­ING TO ILL HEALTH, DIS­ABIL­ITY OR EARLY DEATH, THE RE­SEARCHERS SAY THAT FOR EV­ERY 1,00,000 PEO­PLE IN MA­HA­RASH­TRA, 2,311 YEARS WERE LOST TO AIR POL­LU­TION

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