Colon cancer: What you should know
There are many types of cancer that can effect almost any part of the body. The large intestine, for instance, comprises the colon and rectum. Cancers of these parts of the body are called colorectal cancers. These are among the five most common cancers in india, both in men and women. However, colorectal cancers can be cured if detected early and treated adequately. The important signs of colorectal cancer are change in bowel habits, such as diarrhoea or constipation, fresh bright red bleeding in stool, cramping or abdominal pain, weakness, fatigue, unexplained low haemoglobin levels, and unintended weight loss. Colorectal cancers are more frequent in people with family history of colorectal cancer or those personally having colon disorders, such as adenomatous polyps or inflammatory bowel disease. Screening colonoscopy is required for such high-risk patients. A colonoscopy or proctoscopy is needed to check the colon and rectal areas, respectively, for any abnormality and tissue Dr Ajay Bapna
Senior consultant, medical oncologist and HOD, Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital, Jaipur
samples are taken simultaneously for biopsy. A CT scan or PET-CT scan and blood tests, such as serum CEA or CA-19-9, CBC, LFT and KFT, are required to assess the stage of cancer and the general well-being of the person. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of two or more of these. Certain biomarkers are done for personalising the treatment of colorectal cancers with targeted therapies.
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