Colon can­cer: What you should know

Hindustan Times ST (Jaipur) - Hindustan Times (Jaipur) - City - - Front Page -

There are many types of can­cer that can ef­fect al­most any part of the body. The large in­tes­tine, for in­stance, com­prises the colon and rec­tum. Can­cers of these parts of the body are called col­orec­tal can­cers. These are among the five most com­mon can­cers in in­dia, both in men and women. How­ever, col­orec­tal can­cers can be cured if de­tected early and treated ad­e­quately. The im­por­tant signs of col­orec­tal can­cer are change in bowel habits, such as di­ar­rhoea or con­sti­pa­tion, fresh bright red bleed­ing in stool, cramp­ing or ab­dom­i­nal pain, weak­ness, fa­tigue, un­ex­plained low haemoglobin lev­els, and un­in­tended weight loss. Col­orec­tal can­cers are more fre­quent in peo­ple with fam­ily his­tory of col­orec­tal can­cer or those per­son­ally hav­ing colon dis­or­ders, such as ade­no­ma­tous polyps or in­flam­ma­tory bowel dis­ease. Screen­ing colonoscopy is re­quired for such high-risk pa­tients. A colonoscopy or proc­toscopy is needed to check the colon and rec­tal ar­eas, re­spec­tively, for any ab­nor­mal­ity and tis­sue Dr Ajay Bapna

Se­nior con­sul­tant, med­i­cal on­col­o­gist and HOD, Bhag­wan Ma­haveer Can­cer Hos­pi­tal, Jaipur

sam­ples are taken si­mul­ta­ne­ously for biopsy. A CT scan or PET-CT scan and blood tests, such as serum CEA or CA-19-9, CBC, LFT and KFT, are re­quired to as­sess the stage of can­cer and the gen­eral well-be­ing of the per­son. Treat­ment may in­volve surgery, ra­di­a­tion ther­apy, che­mother­apy, or a com­bi­na­tion of two or more of these. Cer­tain biomark­ers are done for per­son­al­is­ing the treat­ment of col­orec­tal can­cers with tar­geted ther­a­pies.

Dis­claimer: The ve­rac­ity of any health claim made in the above ar­ti­cle is the re­spon­si­bil­ity of the con­cerned hos­pi­tal/doc­tor.

PHO­TOS: HTCS

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