KEY TAKE­AWAYS

Hindustan Times ST (Mumbai) - - HTNATION -

First, SC-ST work­ers have a lower rel­a­tive share in bet­ter pay­ing oc­cu­pa­tions and higher share in low pay­ing oc­cu­pa­tions

Sec­ond, even among SCS and STS, some sub-castes and tribes are bet­ter off than the rest

Third, the oc­cu­pa­tional break-up of work­ers varies dras­ti­cally among states while SC/ST work­ers in north­east­ern states have a much higher share in bet­ter pay­ing oc­cu­pa­tions than in the rest of the coun­try

THE ANAL­Y­SIS SHOWS THAT IN­DIA IS IN DIRE NEED OF A DATA­BASE WHICH CAN TELL US ABOUT THE EX­ACT SO­CIO-ECO­NOMIC STA­TUS OF VAR­I­OUS SO­CIAL GROUPS

the state where SC/ST work­ers had the sec­ond low­est, only af­ter Odisha, rel­a­tive share among pro­fes­sion­als — the high­est in­come oc­cu­pa­tional cat­e­gory – in 2011. This should not be in­ferred as SC/ST work­ers be­ing worse off in Delhi than a state like Bi­har, as a greater share of SC/ST work­ers in Delhi (14.8%) were em­ployed in the top four oc­cu­pa­tions by MPCE than in Bi­har (10.6%).

In other words, an SC/ST worker in Delhi is bet­ter off than an SC-ST worker in many other parts of the coun­try. The rel­a­tive share of SC/ST work­ers in bet­ter pay­ing oc­cu­pa­tions is much higher in north­east­ern states than other re­gions, a re­flec­tion of fact that the ST pop­u­la­tion there is much bet­ter off than the rest of the SC/ST pop­u­la­tion in the coun­try.

See Chart: State-wise

The oc­cu­pa­tional break-up of work­ers also varies dras­ti­cally among states. For ex­am­ple, the share of top four oc­cu­pa­tional cat­e­gories by MPCE among to­tal work­ers in richer states

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