TO KEEP AWAY BUGS AND VIRUSES

ES­SEN­TIAL VAC­CINES

HT Ludhiana Live - - Front Page -

BACIL­LUS CAL­METTE-GUÉRIN (BCG) given at birth

Pro­tects against tu­ber­cu­lo­sis. It causes a nod­ule for­ma­tion af­ter 3-6 weeks and a scar by 8-12 weeks. HEPATI­TIS B (HEP B) at birth, then at 10 and 14 weeks

Pro­tects against jaun­dice, liver dis­ease and liver can­cer due to hepati­tis B virus later in life. ORAL PO­LIO VAC­CINE (OPV) at birth, at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, be­tween 15 to 18 months and at 5 years

The first dose is given right at birth. The OPV vac­cine is also given through the Pulse Po­lio im­mu­ni­sa­tion pro­gramme to all chil­dren less than 5 years of age. HAEMOPHILUS IN­FLUENZA B (HIB) vac­cine at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, and be­tween 1518 months

Pro­tects against menin­gi­tis, pneu­mo­nia and sep­ti­caemia caused by the bac­te­ria Haemophilus In­fluenza B. It might cause slight pain and fever. DIPH­THE­RIA, PER­TUS­SIS AND TETANUS (DPT) VAC­CINE given at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, be­tween 16-18 months and at 5 years

This vac­cine pro­tects against diph­the­ria, per­tus­sis and tetanus. It may cause fever, pain and swelling at site. MEASLES given at nine months

May cause mild fever and a rash may ap­pear af­ter one week but it goes way on its own. MEASLES, MUMPS AND RUBELLA (MMR) VAC­CINE given at 15 months

Pro­tects against measles, mumps and rubella. It might cause mild fever and a rash may ap­pear af­ter one week but it goes away on its own. TETANUS, RE­DUCED DOSE DIPH­THE­RIA (DT) / TETANUS TOX­OID (TT) VAC­CINE given at 10 years and 16 years

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