The State of the State study of Chhattisgarh has two segments: best performing district at a particular time and the most improved district over the past decade. The data was collected by the Institute for Human Development from sources such as the Census, National Sample Survey, Central Statistics Office, National Family Health Survey (NFHS), District Information System for Education (DISE), National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Land Use Statistics Information System for Ministry of Agriculture and Directorate of Economics and Statistics of the Chhattisgarh government and standardised for the sake of comparability. Ten parameters were selected, each a composite index of variables for which uniform, continuous data was available. All the constituent indicators were arranged unidirectionally, i.e. either all indicators were positive or all were negative. The parameters are: education, health, water and sanitation, infrastructure, agriculture, industry, services, prosperity, law and order and an aggregate overall development. For example, higher the value of the female literacy rate higher is the level of educational development, which makes it a positive indicator of development, while higher the value of crime rate per 1,000 population, the lower is the level of development with respect to law and order, which makes it a negative indicator of development. The most recent year is used to rank the best district. The difference between the most recent category value and the values 10 years earlier is used to rank the most improved district. The limitation of the survey arises from the fact that in the year 2000, when Chhattisgarh was created, only 16 districts existed. Another two and nine were added in 2007 and 2012 respectively, taking the total to 27. Hence, comparability across time becomes a problem. We have attempted to sort out the problem by disaggregating the data at units lower than the district wherever data was available.