A BRIEF HIS­TORY OF MANNED SPACE FLIGHT

COUN­TRIES THAT HAVE SENT MANNED MIS­SIONS TO SPACE: Ê RUS­SIA Ë USA Ì CHINA

India Today - - COVER STORY -

First hu­man in space Apr. 12, 1961:

Soviet cos­mo­naut Yuri Ga­garin is the first hu­man in space on­board Vos­tok 1. He spends 108 min­utes in space and or­bits once around the Earth

First Amer­i­can in space May 5, 1961:

Project Mer­cury as­tro­naut Alan B. Shep­ard is the first Amer­i­can in space aboard Free­dom 7. He spends 15 min­utes in sub-or­bital flight

First woman in space

Jun. 16, 1963:

Soviet cos­mo­naut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is the first woman in space, aboard Vos­tok 6

First man to walk in space

Mar. 18, 1965:

Soviet Alexei Leonov is the first man to walk in space

First as­tro­nauts to land on the Moon Jul. 20, 1969:

Apollo 11 as­tro­nauts Neil Arm­strong and Buzz Aldrin Jr are the first hu­mans to land on the Moon and take the first steps

First re­us­able space shut­tle Apr. 12, 1981

Columbia is the first space shut­tle to or­bit the earth (STS-1) and land back. The space shut­tle pro­gramme achieves 135 mis­sions be­fore it is shut down in 2011

First In­dian in space Apr. 2, 1984:

IAF pi­lot Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma or­bits the Earth aboard a Soviet space craft

Old­est hu­man in space Oct. 29, 1998:

77-year-old John Glenn be­comes the old­est hu­man ever to go into space, aboard the space shut­tle Dis­cov­ery

In­ter­na­tional Space Sta­tion 1998 to the present:

The In­ter­na­tional Space Sta­tion has hosted 92 mis­sions, us­ing US and Russian launch­ers with a to­tal of 101 crew mem­bers fly­ing it in turns so far, and a to­tal of 227 vis­i­tors

First space tourist Apr. 28, 2001:

Den­nis Tito be­comes the first ‘space tourist’, pay­ing $20 mil­lion to ride in a Russian rocket to the In­ter­na­tional Space Sta­tion

Feb. 1, 2003:

Space shut­tle Columbia breaks up on re-en­try dur­ing mis­sion STS-107, killing all seven crew mem­bers, in­clud­ing Kal­pana Chawla

First Chi­nese manned mis­sion Oct. 15, 2003:

Yang Li­wei is the first Chi­nese man in space aboard Shen­zhou 5

First In­dian manned mis­sion an­nounced Aug. 15, 2018:

Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi an­nounces that In­dia will send a manned mis­sion to space by 2022

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