METHOD­OL­OGY

India Today - - STATE OF THE STATE -

The State of the State (SOTS) study of Bi­har’s 38 districts is meant to out­line the broad trends in eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment in the state and a dis­trict-wise rank­ing of per­for­mance. The eval­u­a­tion has two seg­ments: best-per­form­ing dis­trict at a par­tic­u­lar time and the most-im­proved dis­trict over the past decade. The data was col­lected by Asian De­vel­op­ment Re­search In­sti­tute from var­i­ous sources— Cen­sus, Na­tional Sam­ple Sur­vey, Cen­tral Sta­tis­ti­cal Of­fice, Na­tional Fam­ily Health Sur­vey, Dis­trict In­for­ma­tion Sys­tem for Ed­u­ca­tion, Na­tional Crime Records Bureau, var­i­ous min­istries, Direc­torate of Eco­nom­ics and Sta­tis­tics for the state gov­ern­ment, to name a few—and stan­dard­ised. Ten cat­e­gories were se­lected, each a com­pos­ite in­dex of vari­ables for which uni­form, con­tin­u­ous data was avail­able. The con­stituent in­di­ca­tors were ar­ranged in a uni­di­rec­tional man­ner, i.e. all in­di­ca­tors were pos­i­tive or neg­a­tive. For ex­am­ple, higher the fe­male lit­er­acy rate, higher the level of ed­u­ca­tional de­vel­op­ment—a pos­i­tive indi­ca­tor of de­vel­op­ment. Higher the crime rate per 1,000 per­sons, lower the level of de­vel­op­ment with re­spect to law and or­der—a neg­a­tive indi­ca­tor. The most re­cent year was used to rank the best dis­trict. The dif­fer­ence be­tween the most re­cent cat­e­gory value and the val­ues 10 years ear­lier was used to rank the most-im­proved dis­trict.

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