IN­DEX: VI­O­LENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN

India Today - - UPFRONT - Illustrati­on by TANMOY CHAKRABORT­Y

The young woman who ac­cused a BJP leg­is­la­tor in Ut­tar Pradesh of rape and was crit­i­cally in­jured in a car ‘ac­ci­dent’ has been moved to AIIMS, Delhi, on the or­ders of the Supreme Court, which also directed that all cases re­lated to the Un­nao rape be moved to Delhi and tri­als com­pleted within 45 days of the CBI com­plet­ing its time-bound in­ves­ti­ga­tion. The grisly cir­cum­stances sur­round­ing the young woman’s rape, the phys­i­cal in­tim­i­da­tion and sus­pi­cious deaths of her fam­ily mem­bers prompted a UP school­girl to ask a se­nior state po­lice of­fi­cer, dur­ing a school visit, how they could guar­an­tee her safety should she be the vic­tim of “some­one pow­er­ful”. The sta­tis­tics are not re­as­sur­ing. Data from the Na­tional Crime Records Bureau for 2017 and 2018 has been de­layed, for un­spec­i­fied rea­sons, but the 2016 num­bers show a sub­stan­tial rise in crimes against women but a sig­nif­i­cant de­crease in con­vic­tions.

83%

rise in crimes against women between 2007 and 2016, says NCRB; 338,954 cases re­ported in 2016

39

crimes against women per hour in In­dia (2016), up from 21 (2007); 55.2 crimes per 100,000 women in 2016, 41.7 in 2012

38,947

rapes re­ported in In­dia in 2016, up from 36,735 (2014); 26.6% con­vic­tions in 2016, lower than in 2014 (34.5%)

14.5%

of crimes against women in 2016 recorded in UP, 12.4% of rapes; 99.1% of cases of sex­ual vi­o­lence against women in UP es­ti­mated to go un­re­ported

36.7%

of “ever-mar­ried” women in UP have ex­pe­ri­enced spousal vi­o­lence, says Na­tional Fam­ily Health Sur­vey 4 (2015-16)

5.4%

women (15-49 years) say their hus­bands have used phys­i­cal force to have sex­ual in­ter­course against their will (NFHS 4)

22%

In­dian women ex­pe­ri­enced phys­i­cal vi­o­lence only; 1% sex­ual vi­o­lence only; 5% both; only 14% seek help

24,212

FIRs re­lat­ing to child rape filed between Jan. 1 and June 30, 2019, says SC; Trial be­gun in 6,449 cases (26.6%), 911 (3.8%) re­solved

25

in MP given death sen­tence since May 2018, when max. pun­ish­ment for “ag­gra­vated pen­e­tra­tive sex­ual as­sault” of chil­dren was amended

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