India Today




India had a Grow More Food Campaign going, but was reeling after the Bengal famine, residual fallout of WW II and a massive cyclone in Odisha. The country was producing just 50 MT of foodgrains, though it employed a colossal 82 percent of India’s male workforce


Integrated Production Programme started focusing on food and cash crops supply


Severe drought in 1965-66 along with the Indo-Pak war pushed India into its first big agricultur­e reform— Green Revolution led to increase in foodgrains production in Punjab, Haryana and UP


Liberalisa­tion leads to a surge in consumptio­n among middle class. Demand for fruits, dairy, fish, meat and vegetables leads to a shift in focus to ‘high crop value’ agricultur­e


Yellow Revolution pushes production of edible oilseeds such as groundnut, mustard, soyabean, sunflower, sesame, etc. In 10 years, Indian oilseeds production doubles from 12 MT to 24 MT


India pursues Blue Revolution, giving the fisheries industry a defined structure. Fisheries and aquacultur­e contribute 1 per cent and 5 per cent to India’s GDP and agricultur­al GDP respective­ly now


Operation Flood accelerate­s milk production in India. In 1973, Gujarat Cooperativ­e Milk Marketing Federation Ltd is formed to scale up operations of its brand,



ITC launches e-Chaupal, a first-of-its-kind corporate digital initiative to benefit farmers


India allows production of GM crop BT cotton


Model APMC law passed. Farmers and local authoritie­s can set up markets; food processing and exports get a push


Environmen­t ministry halts commercial production of GM foods


Focus shifts to natural and organic farming, pushing cooperativ­es, farmer-producer organisati­ons, and decentrali­sed processing and marketing


Government backs down, new farm laws withdrawn


Three farm laws passed, allowing opening up of agri produce markets and giving flexibilit­y to farmers and traders to stock and sell produce. Farm unions revolt, raise fears of big industry wiping out small farmers


Just before the pandemic hit, agricultur­e employed more than 50 per cent of the Indian workforce and contribute­d 17 per cent to country’s GDP. Two years later, the latter reached 19.9 per cent


FDI in multibrand retail opened; stalled after protests all around

 ?? ?? MECHANISED HARVEST Farmers load a harvester in a UP field, 2021
MECHANISED HARVEST Farmers load a harvester in a UP field, 2021

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