India Today

MILESTONES

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1972

National Council for Environmen­tal Policy and Planning formed within department of science and technology following the UN conference on human environmen­t in Stockholm

1974

Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act passed

1976

Article 48(A) of Constituti­on mentions protection of environmen­t as a directive principle; Article 51-A (g) mentions it as a fundamenta­l duty

1981

Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act passed

1986

In the wake of the December 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy, the comprehens­ive Environmen­t (Protection) Act is passed. National Coastal Zone Management Authority set up, later converted as the National Ganga Council

2000

Deadlines set for phasing out of various ODSes (ozone-depleting substances)

2005

SC rules “freedom from noise pollution is part of the right to life under Article 21”

2018

Coastal regulation zones notified to promote sustainabl­e developmen­t while taking into account increasing sea levels

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