Iran Elec­tions: Back­ground and the Path Ahead

Libertatem Magazine - - Contents - Shreyan Acharya

all Evils”. Such rhetoric fur­ther de­te­ri­o­rated the re­la­tions. The new era saw the dawn of global in­ter­de­pen­dence, but such a trend was miles away when it came to Iran. The coun­try lived in iso­la­tion gain­ing se­vere con­dem­na­tion and crit­i­cism of sev­eral hu­man rights vi­o­la­tions and be­com­ing a global threat with their nu­clear pro­gram. Emer­gence of Has­san Rouhani The re­cent elec­tions held in Iran marked the vic­tory of Has­san Rouhani for the sec­ond ten­ure as the Pres­i­dent of the coun­try. But, be­fore dis­cussing about the po­lit­i­cal bat­tle in Iran and its im­por­tance around the Elec­tion around the world is a prac­tice un­der­taken to en­sure that the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the peo­ple are cho­sen by the peo­ple and for the peo­ple. Coun­tries have reg­u­lated this prac­tice as per their norms and con­sti­tu­tional frame­work. Some coun­tries prac­tice open-ended elec­tions where can­di­dates from any field of life have the right to con­test in ac­cor­dance with the elec­toral norms, but there are coun­tries where elec­tions are closed-door. Closed-door elec­tions are at times ques­tioned to be not free and fair and con­demned and as a mere prac­tice with low voter turnout and rigged elec­tions. With spe­cial ref­er­ence to the Is­lamic Repub­lic of Iran, this piece is an at­tempt to ex­am­ine the trans­for­ma­tion in the Ira­nian pol­i­tics. Back­ground The po­lit­i­cal change in Iran emerged af­ter the Ira­nian Rev­o­lu­tion of 1980s. The rev­o­lu­tion marked the emer­gence of the strict Is­lamic dom­i­nance un­der cler­i­cal fam­ily of Khei­mini. Iran af­ter the rev­o­lu­tion came un­der dic­ta­to­rial regime, where po­lit­i­cal at­mos­phere com­pletely be­came rigid. The loy­alty to­wards the cleric de­ter­mined the po­lit­i­cal po­si­tion with the dis­senters and the po­lit­i­cal op­po­si­tion be­ing com­pletely wiped out. Un­for­tu­nately, the new trend af­ter the 1980s de­stroyed the demo­cratic prin­ci­ples and iso­lated the coun­try from the global main­stream pol­i­tics. Iran has been a vo­cif­er­ous op­po­nent of the western style democ­racy es­pe­cially the pol­icy of USA of in­ter­fer­ence in in­ter­nal mat­ters. The early years of 2000s wit­nessed the boil­ing dif­fer­ences be­tween these two coun­tries. The then US Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush termed Iran as the “Axis of

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