EX­CERPTS FROM THE MAR­WARI HER­ITAGE

Marwar - - Book Excerpt -

Though Thou based in Ra­jputana, the Vaishyas had for cen­turies ce traded in north­ern In­dia, though some mi­grated else­where. Af­ter the ad­vent of the Mughals Mugh in 1525, they be­gan mi­grat­ing to Ben­gal in 1564. 15 The then ruler of Ben­gal, Sule­man Ki­rani, con­tin­u­ally conti be­set by do­mes­tic wran­gles, ac­cepted the over­lord­ship o of Em­peror Ak­bar. In re­turn, Ak­bar Akba sent a con­tin­gent of Rajput troops un­der Raja Man Singh to as­sist him. The modikhana (sup­ply of food, foo arms and am­mu­ni­tion) was man­aged by the Vaishyas V of Marwar (Jodhpur), who, with their busi­ness busin skills, ex­panded their busi­ness in Ben­gal. They in­vited their kin from Ra­jputana to as­sist them. them In Ben­gal, they were pop­u­larly known as the Vaishyas. Vaish

De­spite D the fact that the Mar­waris orig­i­nated from Marwar in erst­while Ra­jputana, the com­mu­nity comm later made its pres­ence felt in ev­ery corner corne of In­dia, pro­vid­ing a new im­pe­tus to the coun­try’s coun so­cial and eco­nomic devel­op­ment. Its tremen­dous so­cio-eco­nomic con­tri­bu­tions to both pre- and post-In­de­pen­dent In­dia have been widely cel­e­brated and lauded. The word Mar­wari, as it is recog­nised to­day, came to en­com­pass all those who resided in Ra­jputana, Haryana, Malwa and ar­eas ad­ja­cent to them. They fol­lowed a com­mon cul­ture and life­style and spoke a com­mon lan­guage, ir­re­spec­tive of whether they them­selves or their an­ces­tors were set­tled in any other part of In­dia or abroad. Ini­tially, the term Mar­wari was used for the busi­ness class alone, but grad­u­ally, all the castes linked to tra­di­tional Ra­jputana cul­ture em­braced the term. Con­se­quently, the Mar­waris in­cluded not only the Agar­wals, Ma­hesh­waris, Oswals, Khan­del­wals, Por­wals and Sara­o­gis, but also the Brah­mins, Ra­jputs, Jats, Malis, Mus­lims, Har­i­jans and oth­ers who formed part of the cul­tural her­itage of Ra­jputana. They com­prised not only busi­ness­men and in­dus­tri­al­ists, but also pro­fes­sion­als, the ser­vice class and even the labour classes.

How­ever, it was later felt that by lim­it­ing the def­i­ni­tion of a Mar­wari merely on the ba­sis of ge­o­graph­i­cal, lin­guis­tic and cul­tural tra­di­tions, the unique im­age of the com­mu­nity was be­ing un­der­mined. The com­mu­nity boasts a glo­ri­ous past re­plete with count­less ex­am­ples of cease­less strug­gle, courage, dis­ci­pline, per­se­ver­ance, hu­mil­ity, tol­er­ance, com­pas­sion, fore­sight, ded­i­ca­tion, risk-tak­ing abil­ity and above all, self-con­fi­dence.

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