Marwar - - Book Excerpt -

The po­lit­i­cal am­bi­tion of achiev­ing self-rule had by now be­come the main aim of the Mar­waris and with Jam­nalal’s im­pris­on­ment, sev­eral oth­ers, in­clud­ing Ramesh­war Ja­jo­dia, Hi­ralal Singhi, Pu­ran­c­hand Saraf, So­han­lal Agar­wal, Ram­gopal, Laxmi­narayan Mun­dra, Prahlad Ke­dia, Badri­narayan Gado­dia, Shree­ni­vas, Bab­u­lal Makharia and Shivc­hand Gupt went to jail.

In Bombay, as well as in other parts of the coun­try, many Mar­waris courted im­pris­on­ment by par­tic­i­pat­ing in Bapu’s move­ments. Bai­j­nath and Rad­hakr­is­han Bhavs­inghka of Bi­har were amongst them. Ma­gan­lal Ba­gari of the Cen­tral Prov­inces was awarded four years’ im­pris­on­ment in con­nec­tion with the ‘Nag­pur Con­spir­acy’.

In 1921 Moolc­hand Agar­wal was sen­tenced to rig­or­ous im­pris­on­ment for one year for writ­ing in­flam­ma­tory ed­i­to­ri­als in Vish­wami­tra. The govern­ment launched pros­e­cu­tion pro­ceed­ings against Kan­haiya Lal Sethia for his rev­o­lu­tion­ary book Ag­niv­ina. Pub­lic func­tions be­gan to be held to hon­our and sup­port those who were sent to jail and suf­fered tor­ture and hard­ships. Freedom fight­ers were taken in pro­ces­sions to the meet­ing venues in which the Mar­waris par­tic­i­pated in large num­bers. Mar­wari women from all over the coun­try also courted im­pris­on­ment. As re­vealed by Usha Gupta, Kusum Gupta played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the ‘Quit In­dia Move­ment’ and was jailed.

Above: A rare pho­to­graph of the first gen­er­a­tion of Mar­waris who were the pil­lars of trade in preIn­de­pen­dence In­dia.They built up their vast busi­ness em­pire through their courage, hard work, dis­ci­pline, strug­gle, risk-tak­ing abil­ity, per­se­ver­ance and...

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