SUCCESSION OF ARRESTS
The political ambition of achieving self-rule had by now become the main aim of the Marwaris and with Jamnalal’s imprisonment, several others, including Rameshwar Jajodia, Hiralal Singhi, Puranchand Saraf, Sohanlal Agarwal, Ramgopal, Laxminarayan Mundra, Prahlad Kedia, Badrinarayan Gadodia, Shreenivas, Babulal Makharia and Shivchand Gupt went to jail.
In Bombay, as well as in other parts of the country, many Marwaris courted imprisonment by participating in Bapu’s movements. Baijnath and Radhakrishan Bhavsinghka of Bihar were amongst them. Maganlal Bagari of the Central Provinces was awarded four years’ imprisonment in connection with the ‘Nagpur Conspiracy’.
In 1921 Moolchand Agarwal was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for one year for writing inflammatory editorials in Vishwamitra. The government launched prosecution proceedings against Kanhaiya Lal Sethia for his revolutionary book Agnivina. Public functions began to be held to honour and support those who were sent to jail and suffered torture and hardships. Freedom fighters were taken in processions to the meeting venues in which the Marwaris participated in large numbers. Marwari women from all over the country also courted imprisonment. As revealed by Usha Gupta, Kusum Gupta played a significant role in the ‘Quit India Movement’ and was jailed.
Above: A rare photograph of the first generation of Marwaris who were the pillars of trade in preIndependence India.They built up their vast business empire through their courage, hard work, discipline, struggle, risk-taking ability, perseverance and...