Reza Kabul, ARK Reza Kabul Ar­chi­tects

ARK Reza Kabul Ar­chi­tects

MGS Architecture - - Changing Face of Indian Architecture -

Fo­cus has shifted towards sus­tain­able de­signs that are aimed at longevity.

Ar­chi­tec­ture glob­ally is mov­ing towards or­ganic and para­met­ric de­signs that seam­lessly in­te­grate with its sur­round­ings. Sus­tain­abil­ity has be­come key. In­di­vid­u­als to­day have a height­ened sense of aware­ness to the en­vi­ron­ment. The fo­cus has shifted towards sus­tain­able de­signs that are aimed at longevity. Nat­u­ral light­ing has played a vi­tal role in de­sign of a build­ing in re­cent years and the em­pha­sis con­tin­ues. A dom­i­nant shift in the ar­chi­tec­ture and de­sign seg­ment of res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial spa­ces are the open-plan spa­ces that blur the bound­ary lines between dif­fer­ent sec­tions, en­cour­ag­ing so­cial and pro­duc­tive in­ter­ac­tions.

Tech­nolo­gies like AUTOCAD and Re­vit make it eas­ier to de­sign free-flow­ing and creative fa­cades, and BIM min­i­mizes er­ror.

Tech­nol­ogy has be­come the defin­ing force of a new so­cial or­der. Ef­fi­ciency is no longer an op­tion, but a ne­ces­sity in all ac­tiv­ity; and tech­nol­ogy is a ma­jor as­sist in func­tion­ing at our pro­duc­tive best. It helps us ex­plore and cre­ate new forms, with changes that are re­flected im­me­di­ately. The ad­vance­ment in vir­tual tech­nol­ogy such as AUTOCAD and Re­vit make it eas­ier to de­sign free-flow­ing and creative fa­cades. It helps seam­lessly in­cor­po­rate el­e­ments such as wind and so­lar anal­y­sis into the work­ing draw­ings for bet­ter as­sis­tance. An­other key fea­ture that helps make the con­cep­tu­al­iz­ing and de­sign­ing phase smoother is the quick swap between the floor plan and el­e­va­tion views. Our stu­dios have been us­ing Autocad and Re­vit to work to­gether with team mem­bers as well as our con­sul­tants. It re­duces the has­sle of du­pli­cated data and in­cor­po­rat­ing fi­nal files. Us­ing BIM has min­i­mized the mar­gin of er­ror.

Com­pos­ite ma­te­ri­als made of car­bon and glass are mak­ing rapid in­roads.

The choice of ma­te­rial in ar­chi­tec­ture is com­pletely con­tex­tual. To­day, we see a mix of struc­tures us­ing tra­di­tional ma­te­ri­als as well as com­pos­ite

ma­te­ri­als. There has been a size­able in­crease in the mar­ket size of com­pos­ite ma­te­ri­als in In­dia. Com­pos­ite ma­te­ri­als made of car­bon and glass, are mak­ing rapid in­roads into In­dia’s tra­di­tional mar­kets for build­ing ma­te­ri­als. With cost ef­fec­tive­ness as the key cri­te­ria, es­pe­cially cater­ing to the ur­ban and ru­ral housing needs, the in­dus­try tends to opt for newer con­struc­tion meth­ods that in­cor­po­rate the use of com­pos­ite ma­te­ri­als.

There is time be­fore In­dia adopts pre­fab on a large scale.

We have seen an on­set of 3D printed con­struc­tion projects glob­ally. How­ever, there is time be­fore In­dia adopts sim­i­lar trends on a larger scale. Cur­rently, the cus­tom­ized pre-con­structed mod­ules and blocks avail­able help ease the con­struc­tion dead­lines, but a ma­jor use has been seen only in the bud­get hos­pi­tal­ity seg­ment.

We need to move to a more ver­ti­cal mixed-use zonal devel­op­ment.

Space crunch is one of the ma­jor is­sues we face as a de­vel­op­ing na­tion, with in­creas­ing pop­u­la­tion and the bur­den on pub­lic in­fra­struc­ture. Me­trop­o­lis like Mum­bai are over­bur­dened, and the ideal so­lu­tion to this would be to move away from res­i­den­tial, com­mer­cial and en­ter­tain­ment pock­ets across the city, into one a more ver­ti­cal mixed-use zonal devel­op­ment. This not only re­duces the load on pub­lic in­fra­struc­ture, but also de­clut­ters ma­jor nodes within the city, thus re­duc­ing the av­er­age travel time from one place to an­other.

Le Meri­dien Thim­phu, Bhutan

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