Shi­faa Kalra & Ar. Dhruva Kalra, RMDK

RMDK

MGS Architecture - - Changing Face of Indian Architecture -

BIM al­lows the project to be bro­ken down into smaller mod­ules main­tained by spe­cial­ists, mak­ing con­trol of large scale projects tan­gi­ble in quick time.

Ar­chi­tec­ture has been the only con­stant through the his­tory of mankind. We have come a long way from de­sign­ing rock-cut caves inside the earth to 1000-me­ter-tall build­ings, and so have our ideas and tech­nolo­gies. Two di­men­sional plans were ex­truded to make 3D mod­els which was con­sid­ered a big leap. To­day, it has gone a step fur­ther with the on­set of Build­ing In­for­ma­tion Mod­el­ing (BIM), which is es­sen­tially a three­d­i­men­sional model of a struc­ture, pop­u­lated with all the data re­quired for sim­u­la­tion of its real-life be­hav­ior.

BIM elim­i­nates the need for sep­a­rate 2D and 3D soft­ware and al­lows co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment of a con­cept with live in­puts from de­sign and en­gi­neer­ing teams. It brings to­gether ar­chi­tec­ture de­sign, en­gi­neer­ing and con­struc­tion in­for­ma­tion with ac­cu­rate op­er­a­tional data. It al­lows the project to be bro­ken down into smaller mod­ules main­tained by spe­cial­ists, mak­ing con­trol of large scale projects tan­gi­ble in quick time.

One core model is a host of in­for­ma­tion about all as­pects of the struc­ture, any of which can be flagged and mod­i­fied based on changes made in any one vari­able. There is re­duced scope for hu­man er­ror as all cal­cu­la­tions are made au­to­mat­i­cally, en­sur­ing a smoother run of the project from con­cep­tu­al­iza­tion to ex­e­cu­tion with all the re­quired data. More flex­i­ble pro­cesses and ac­cu­racy through BIM en­sure an in­creased un­der­stand­ing of the de­signed spa­ces by all the con­sul­tants and teams in­volved, mak­ing col­lab­o­ra­tions eas­ier.

BIM is a young tech­nol­ogy whose fu­ture can be widely spec­u­lated but its real pos­si­bil­i­ties shall be re­vealed only with time and ex­plo­ration. This, along with the shift in vir­tual global bound­aries and the vast mar­ket ex­po­sure and de­mand, has cre­ated an im­mi­nent change in the field of ar­chi­tec­ture, where one needs to con­stantly push the bound­aries of de­sign and tech­niques to con­stantly build and break new glass ceil­ings, while not los­ing sight of the im­me­di­ate con­text, tra­di­tions, and cul­ture.

Rhino comes with the pos­si­bil­ity of in­stalling var­i­ous plug-ins which make mod­el­ing eas­ier, faster and more in­ter­ac­tive.

Rhino has also been mak­ing waves in the field of ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign, es­pe­cially for con­cep­tu­al­iza­tion, due to its abil­ity to make free-form or­ganic sur­faces with rel­a­tive ease and ac­cu­racy. Rhino comes with the pos­si­bil­ity of in­stalling var­i­ous plug-ins which make mod­el­ing eas­ier, faster and more in­ter­ac­tive, al­low­ing de­sign­ers to try mul­ti­ple it­er­a­tions of their con­cepts, in­stantly.

Grasshop­per is one such plug-in mostly used for para­met­ric mod­el­ing for its more visu­ally in­ter­ac­tive in­ter­face than reg­u­lar cod­ing, along with Rhino’s ca­pa­bil­i­ties, to deal with more com­plex forms. Plug-ins can be in­stalled to make ac­cu­rate cal­cu­la­tions about sizes and ma­te­rial re­quire­ments. Rhino mod­els, once re­solved, can be di­rectly ex­ported to 3D print­ing and router cutting for ex­e­cu­tion.

Rhino and BIM are mak­ing project con­cep­tu­al­iza­tion easy by mak­ing it pos­si­ble to trans­fer ideas from our minds di­rectly onto the sys­tem, mak­ing it sim­ple to de­tail the con­cept such that it evolves into a work­ing model. The ac­cu­racy of the model is made pos­si­ble by a step-by-step mod­i­fi­ca­tion of the model and ma­te­ri­als. Such soft­ware al­lows com­plete de­tail­ing of projects pro­vid­ing draw­ings as and when re­quired for ex­e­cu­tion.

Pre­fab is trig­ger­ing innovation and fu­sion across ar­chi­tec­ture and con­struc­tion in­dus­tries.

With sim­pli­fi­ca­tion in the de­sign process and avail­abil­ity of time sav­ing PEB and pre­cast con­struc­tion tech­niques, there is a new mar­ket evolv­ing which is an amal­ga­ma­tion of the tra­di­tional skilled labour and tech­nol­ogy based on the eco­nomics and ease of ac­cess. Still at a nascent stage, pre­fab is fast de­vel­op­ing and rev­o­lu­tion­iz­ing the way we build and per­ceive ma­te­ri­als by trig­ger­ing innovation and fu­sion across the ar­chi­tec­ture and con­struc­tion in­dus­try.

The fu­ture will not see the end of use of any build­ing ma­te­rial but a har­mo­nious use of all.

Bricks, stone, and tim­ber may be called tra­di­tional ma­te­ri­als to­day, but they have stood the test of time with some struc­tures flour­ish­ing even hun­dreds of years af­ter their con­cep­tion. Af­ter the in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, ma­te­ri­als like steel, iron, and glass be­gan to be widely used. This trend started in Europe and has slowly spread across the world.

Over the last few decades, this prac­tice has gained pop­u­lar­ity in In­dia due to quick con­struc­tion times, easy main­te­nance, and our con­stant en­deavor to gain ac­cess to the lat­est tech­nolo­gies. But this has led to a state of blindly mim­ick­ing the prac­tices fol­lowed else­where with lit­tle or no con­sid­er­a­tion for lo­cal con­di­tions.

Through the life of these struc­tures, their ef­fect on the en­vi­ron­ment has been iden­ti­fied time and again with both de­sign­ers and con­sumers be­com­ing aware of their draw­backs with re­spect to the en­vi­ron­ment and the peo­ple in their vicin­ity. What once looked like low-cost main­te­nance is now be­gin­ning to feel like a load we may not be able to han­dle. And thus, the use of glass and steel may not trend for a very long time.

Or­ganic ma­te­ri­als like bricks and stones are bound to make a come­back, which has al­ready started with their use with steel. Tim­ber, on the other hand, is a lim­ited re­source, and would be re­placed for good by other struc­tural ma­te­ri­als.

Devi Tem­ple at Isha Yoga Cen­ter, Delhi

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