Is India safe?
For India, the risk is most prominent and immediate from China and Pakistan, suggest experts. “The chances of wars being fought purely in the cyberspace are slim, but it will be used as a force multiplier. Already, these attacks are carried out on a daily basis. That said, India’s defence has been strong enough to stop most of these attacks,” says Munish Sharma, consultant, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA).
Dr Cherian Samuel, research fellow at IDSA who has has written several papers on cyber security, says, “Cyber attacks are an easy way to make other countries insecure, because technology has become integral to everything.”
He added, “The rules of engagement are blurred. First of all, attribution of an attack is difficult, because non-state actors have access to same tech as the state, which has never happened before.”
The threat is omnipresent and three-dimensional, agrees Sharma, but assures that the government has taken steps like appointing a national cyber security coordinator, Gulshan Rai, in 2015. A defence cyber agency is in the pipeline as well.
Dr Samuel added, “While some have called for a Minister of Cybersecurity, that might be overreaching. In fact, in Australia, they have scrapped that position after having a minister for two years.”
For the first time, non-state actors have access to same technology as the state