1 OF 8 DEATHS DUE TO AIR POLLUTION
NEW DELHI: In a shocking revelation, it has come to the notice that one out of every eight deaths in India was attributable to air pollution in 2017.
According to the latest report released by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on Thursday, the air pollution has hit the life expectancy drastically as the average life expectancy at birth in 2017 would have been 1.7 years higher if the air pollution level were less than the minimal level causing death loss. Previously, the average life expectancy was 4 years higher.
The ICMR report asserted that the highest exposure to ultra-fine particulate matter, PM2.5, was in Delhi followed by Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. The condition is also not better in the states of Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam.
According to the report, which is published in the Lancet Planetary Health journal, Uttar Pradesh recorded the most 2,60,028 deaths attributable to air pollution, followed by Maharashtra at 1,08,038 and Bihar with 96,967 deaths. West Bengal reported 94,534 deaths due to air pollution, the report said.
Interestingly, the death figure in Delhi is much lesser than other states, where air pollution has never been an issue. The national capital reported 12,322 deaths, while neighbouring Haryana reported 28,965 deaths 90,499 people died in Rajasthan in the year 2017.
The findings of the report also indicate that air quality has substantially improved in different states due to extensive usage of LPG cylinders distributed under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.
“It's a fact that usage of LPG cylinders has reduced household air pollution as after the launch of the scheme, the proportion of households using solid fuels has improved. Now, about 56 per cent of the population still used solid fuels in 2017, which was more in previous years. The proportion was much higher in less developed states with over two-thirds of the population in most of the empowered action group (EAG) states using solid fuels for cooking,” said Balram Bhargava, Director General of ICMR.
As per the report, India reported 12.4 lakh deaths in 2017 due to air pollution, which included 6.7 lakh deaths due to outdoor particulate matter air pollution and 4.8 lakh have died due to household air pollution.
The findings of the report stated that over half of the deaths due to air pollution were in persons less than 70 years of age.
As per the report, India has disproportionately high mortality and disease burden due to air pollution and the burden is highest in the low sociodemographic index (SDI) states of north India.
“Although air pollution is commonly thought to be associated with lung disease, a substantial 38 per cent of the disease burden due to air pollution in India is from cardiovascular disease and diabetes,” report said.
As per the study, another notable aspect of air pollution in India is its contribution to the disease burden from ischaemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer which are commonly associated with smoking.
According to the WHO database of air pollution, 14 of the 15 cities with the worst air pollution in the world are in India. NEW DELHI: In his first state visit to Myanmar, President Ramnath Kovind will handover 50 dwelling units for the displaced Rohingya people from the Rakhine state to the Government.
President Kovind will undertake three days state visit to Myanmar from December 11 to 13. Foreign Secretary Vijay K Gokhale while briefing newspersons said India is building 250 dwelling units for those displaced people. During this visit, President will hand over first 50 units. This handing over of dwelling unit will send a message to both Bangladesh and Myanmar Governments for the speedy return of the displaced Rohingya persons, he said.
The international community is still expressing concern about the law and order situation of the Rakhine state and reports say that the situation is still not conducive for the safe return for the displaced people. In fact, Rohingya people who are now staying in makeshift refugee camps refused to go back to Myanmar. When asked about the situation there, the Foreign secretary clearly said handing over of dwelling units and assessment of the ground situation was two different issue. He said, “I want to distinguish between development assistance for supporting Myanmar for building the necessary infrastructure for the displaced persons and situation in the Rakhine state.”
He also said the India Government has noted the agreement reached between Bangladesh and Myanmar Government for the safe return of the displaced persons. India hopes that the agreement would be implemented soon and it's in India's interest that
The international community is still expressing concern about the law and order situation of the Rakhine state
the displaced persons should go back to their respective places.
Indian President is visiting Myanmar after a gap of 12 years. The President will reach that country on December 10 and his official engagement would start from the next day. On 11th after ceremonial welcome President will have delegation-level talks which encompass a vast broad area of connectivity, security, and review of ongoing developmental projects funded by Indian LOC of about US$750 million. Many agreements are expected to sign after the talks which are still being negotiated.
The Press Secretary to the President, Ashok Malik, said three MPS from the NE states are accompanying the President and it proves the seriousness of implementation of Act East Policy of the India Government, which directly benefits North Indian states. The MPS are Rameswar Teli, Rajen Gohain and Bhabananda Singh from Manipur.