All households to soon have clean cooking fuel: Pradhan
NEW DELHI: State-owned Indian Oil Corp (IOC) has emerged as the biggest bidder for city gas licences in the 10th bid round that also saw Adani Group, Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL) and Indraprastha Gas Ltd as the other prominent bidders, according to oil regulator PNGRB.
IOC, the country's top oil refiner and fuel marketing company that is looking to diversify into natural gas distribution business big time, bid for licences to retail CNG to automobiles and piped natural gas to households in 35 out of the 50 cities put on offer for the 10th round and another seven in partnership with Adani Gas.
Adani Gas bid for 19 cities on its own and seven in partnership with IOC, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) said after opening of bids between February 7 and 9.
HPCL, a subsidiary of state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), emerged as the third largest bidder, putting in bids for 24 towns and cities while Gujarat-based Torrent Gas applied for 20 areas.
Indraprastha Gas Ltd, which retails CNG and piped cooking gas in the national capital, put in bids for 15 areas while Bharat Gas Resources Ltd, a subsidiary of state-owned Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL), bid for 14 cities.
State-owned GAIL India Ltd, which is country's biggest gas marketer and transporting company, put in bids for just 10 areas through its subsidiary GAIL Gas Ltd.
In the last bid round, it had managed to bag just 5 out of the 86 Geographical Areas (GAS) put on offer.
In the previous 9th round which was awarded just a few months back, Adani Gas had won city gas licences for 13 cities on its own and nine in a joint venture with IOC.
IOC had won licences for seven cities on its own. Bharat Gas Resources Ltd had walked away with 11 cities while Torrent Gas had made 10 winning bids.
Sholagasco Pvt Ltd bid for 9 out of the 50 GAS put on offer in the 10th round while Gujarat Gas bid for seven and Petronet LNG Ltd put in bids for five areas.
Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) had at the close of bidding on February 5 stated about 225 bids were received for licence to retail CNG to automobiles and piped natural gas to households in 50 GAS offered in the 10th City Gas Distribution (CGD) bidding round. It had not revealed the names of the bidders then.
Eight out of the 50 GAS received single bids, with IOC being the only applicant for six areas in Bihar and Jharkhand while other two single bidders were Bharat Gas Resources Ltd and GAIL Gas Ltd for one area each.
Stating that the licences would be awarded by the month end, PNGRB had on February 5 said, "Once awarded, it is envisaged that this initiative would help in creating a robust infrastructure by bringing an investment of about Rs 50,000 crore, generate employment and play a significant role in achieving the shift towards a gas-based economy, with natural gas as the next generation, cheaper and environment-friendly fossil fuel."
In the 10th round of CGD, 50 GAS, covering 124 districts — 112 complete and 12 part — in 14 states were put on offer in November 2018. The round would extend city gas coverage to 18 per cent of India's geographical area and 24 per cent of its population, the regulator said.
Together with past rounds, CGD network would now extend to 400 districts, covering 70 per cent of the population.
In the 10th round, bidders were asked to quote the number of CNG stations to be set up and the number of domestic cooking gas connections to be given in the first eight years of operation. Also, they had to quote the length of pipeline to be laid in the GA and the tariff proposed for city gas and compressed natural gas (CNG), according to PNGRB.
The bid round comes within months of the close of the 9th round, which was the biggest ever CGD licensing round where 86 permits for selling CNG and piped cooking in 174 districts in 22 states and union territories were offered.
The government is targeting to raise the share of natural gas in the primary energy basket to 15 per cent from the current 6.2 per cent in the next few years.
The bid rounds are also aimed at meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi's target of giving piped cooking gas connection to 1 crore households, roughly triple the current size, by 2020.
Cities offered in the 10th round include Nellore in Andhra Pradesh, Muzaffarpur in Bihar, Kaithal in Haryana, Mysore and Gulbarga in Karnataka, Allapuza and Kollam in Kerala, Ujjain, Gwalior and Morena in Madhya Pradesh, Jhansi and Basti in Uttar Pradesh, Firozpur and Hoshiarpur in Punjab, Ajmer and Jalor in Rajasthan, Nainital in Uttarakhand and Darjeeling and Howrah in West Bengal. GREATER NOIDA (UP): After catapulting LPG coverage by about 40 per cent in just 55 months, the government will soon make available clean cooking fuel to all households, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said Sunday.
Speaking at the Petrotech 2019 conference here on the outskirts of Delhi, he said coverage of LPG in the country has reached close to 90 per cent, rising from about 55 per cent in 2014.
"Very soon, India will be connecting all households with clean cooking fuel. The source of fuel will be LPG as well as gas from bio-mass and alternate sources," he said.
The increase in coverage has been credited to the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), which provides free cooking gas (LPG) connection to the poor. Under PMUY, about 6.4 crore connections have been provided since the launch of the scheme on May 1, 2016, he said.
"Before March 31, 2020, we will provide LPG connections to 8 crore households under PMUY," he said.
LPG is supposed to replace traditional cooking fuels in rural kitchens such as firewood and cow dung which not only contribute to environmental degradation but also have serious health implications on users.
Pradhan said the oil and gas sector is a key contributor to India's economy and accounted for almost 55 per cent of its energy mix in 2017. India is the third largest consumer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world, accounting for 4.5 per cent of global oil consumption, behind US and China. "We have taken several measures to overhaul the hydrocarbon policy framework to ensure energy security for the country while pursuing the green path to progress," he said.
Listing reforms to revitalise the exploration and production ecosystem, he said a new revenue sharing model, uniform licence for all hydrocarbons and marketing freedom for oil and gas have been introduced.
Also, the government has introduced various others policy reforms including marketing and pricing freedom for natural gas produced from deep and ultradeep waters and high pressure high temperature areas, coal bed methane, incentive for enhanced recovery for augmenting production of oil and gas from matured fields and exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbon from all fields.
"We have set up a state-of-the-art National Data Repository to facilitate potential investors to take informed decisions based on the geo-scientific data of hydrocarbon resources in the country.
"With the introduction of National Data Repository, India has joined the league of countries like UK and Norway which have a national data repository for the upstream sector," he said. ?
In downstream sector too India has been able to attract global investments, he said, adding that leading players like Saudi Aramco, ADNOC, Total and Shell are expanding their footprints in the country's energy space and looking to invest more in the Indian oil and gas market.
Pradhan said the world is seeing a dramatic shift in energy sources and consumption, with demand shifting from Europe to Asia.
The US has become the world's largest oil and gas producer after the shale revolution and is challenging the traditional oil dynamics while solar energy is emerging as a competitive and most sustainable energy alternative. Also, the share of natural gas in the global energy mix is rising. "The convergence of cheaper renewable energy technologies, digital applications and the rising role of electricity will form the basis for achieving many of the world's sustainable development goals," he said.