Saudis back modest Opec+ oil cut, don’t want to shock market
Saudis seek to walk a fine line between preventing a surplus and appeasing US President Trump
els for such a proposal before potentially putting it to Russia, the delegate said.
Saudi Arabia, Opec’s de facto leader, has made clear that it won’t shoulder the burden of trimming production alone. Its cooperation with Russia shows how much Opec has changed since 2016 when the two countries ended their historic animosity and started to manage the market together. The alliance has transformed Opec into a duopoly in which Russia, which isn’t a formal member of the cartel but part of the production-cuts alliance, is asserting its power.
While Middle Eastern producers are desperate to reverse the recent slump in prices to pay for government spending, sensitivities are different in Russia, where the government is running a budget surplus and a weak ruble mitigates the impact of lower prices. The government is concerned about the impact of higher prices on Russian consumers, stoking discontent with economic policy, according to one Kremlin official.
A day of preliminary talks in Vienna on Wednesday concluded with a panel led by Saudi Arabia and Russia recommending an output reduction lasting six months, but the committee didn’t discuss how big any cuts should be. Al-falih said Thursday his preference was for curbs extending into the third quarter.
The group may agree on a formal cut of under a million barrels a day, Nigeria’s oil minister, Emmanuel Kachikwu, said in a television interview on Thursday morning.
Opec is also contending with vociferous opposition from the US president, who’s taken to using his Twitter account to berate the group’s policies and sees low oil prices as key to sustaining America’s economic growth.
While ministers met in OPEC’S Vienna headquarters on Wednesday, Trump tweeted that the “world does not want to see, or need, higher oil prices!”
“I’m cautiously optimistic that a deal gets but the devil will be in the detail,” said Mohammad Darwazah, a director at Medley Global Advisers. “How Opec communicates this to the market may be just as important as what gets done.”
Although Russia, the largest producer in the wider group known as Opec+, has agreed to a cut in principle, the eventual size of their contribution remains undefined and will be key to putting together the final deal.
In private conversations earlier this week, Opec delegates said that Saudi Arabia had favoured a Russian cut of about 300,000 barrels a day, but Moscow was seeking a smaller reduction of about 150,000, said people familiar with those talks. Those differences persisted after Wednesday’s meeting, Opec delegates said.
Iran is currently subject to US sanctions and as such won’t participate in any curbs, the country’s oil minister Bijan Zanganeh said. Opec ministers are also discussing whether to exempt Libya and Venezuela from making production cuts, a delegate said Thursday. BLOOMBERG