Mother & Baby - - CONTENTS - Dr Bi­jal Shri­vas­tava, MBBS and MD (Pae­di­atrics), is a neona­tol­o­gist at Dr LH Hi­ranan­dani Hos­pi­tal. She works full-time as a pe­di­atric con­sul­tant and has been a pe­di­atric prac­ti­tioner for the last 12 years.

Bi­jal Shri­vas­tava gives you child­care tips

It was a sun­day. A four-year-old came with a bleed­ing lit­tle finger as it had come be­tween the doors. It was a badly in­jured finger for which he was im­me­di­ately op­er­ated upon and sadly, the finger had to be am­pu­tated. This is one ex­am­ple of the many in­ci­dents that oc­cur in chil­dren. Child­hood ac­ci­dents are in­creas­ing and max­i­mum take place at home, the one place where they are sup­posed to be safe. Cu­ri­ous tod­dlers who want to touch and ex­plore ev­ery­thing can in­ad­ver­tently cre­ate havoc in a home. Some par­ents are con­tent with the chaos. But it only takes an off-bal­ance baby fall­ing down the stairs once be­fore the safety mind-set sets in. Most ac­ci­dents are com­pletely avoid­able and tak­ing cer­tain preven­tive mea­sures to child­proof your home can go a long way in sav­ing your lit­tle one from mishaps. 1. Less than two years old, es­pe­cially in­fants, should not sleep on a sin­gle bed with their par­ents, and should prefer­ably sleep in a crib. 2. Loose cov­ers, pil­lows, plas­tic bags shouldn’t be around chil­dren as they may get choked. 3. When tots crawl, they can’t be left unat­tended for even a sec­ond, as they may fall down and suf­fer griev­ous head in­juries. They may even go over the sur­round­ing pil­lows. 4. When they start walk­ing and run­ning, be care­ful of wet floors. Socks can be slip­pery, so make sure your tot is not wear­ing one when he is walk­ing around. 5. Doors’ edges and fur­ni­ture’s sharp ends should be cush­ioned, and the clo­sure of the doors should not be com­plete. 6. Elec­tric plugs should have a pro­tec­tive cover plate so that chil­dren cant put their fin­gers in­side it. 7. Toys should not be strewn around the floor. 8. The fur­ni­ture at home should be fixed. The mov­able ones in­crease the risk of in­jury. Also, do not place the sofa, chairs, and beds near the win­dow. Be­sides, there should be a grill on all win­dows. 9. Be care­ful that they don’t stick their head out in be­tween the win­dow grills. 10. Al­ways keep the fridge, cup­boards, and clos­ets locked, or your tot can get locked in. 11. Never leave them alone in bath­rooms and bath­tubs. 12. Avoid toys with sharp edges or loose parts or ob­jects which they can as­pi­rate on. 13. For­eign body as­pi­ra­tions are very com­mon with coins, nuts, seeds, mar­bles, but­tons, pins, bal­loons, balls, pop­corns, and small or­na­ments, so keep them be­yond their reach. 14. Lock cab­i­nets which con­tain tablets and syrups, clean­ing liq­uids, de­ter­gents, and in­sect re­pel­lents. 15. Be ex­tra care­ful while giv­ing them a bath as the hot water can burn their skin. Make it a prac­tice to check the tem­per­a­ture of the water with your el­bows. All these pre­cau­tions also need to be taken in parental ab­sence, means the care­tak­ers such as a nanny, babysit­ters, older sib­lings, grand­par­ents also need to know these preven­tive safety mea­sures. Al­ways leave your num­ber and an emer­gency med­i­cal care num­ber with them when you are not around.

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