Here’s everything you need to know about endometriosis and fertility
An estimated 10.8 million women suffer from endometriosis across the world. Read on to know everything about it...
Endometrium is the inner epithelial layer in the ovary. Endometriosis is a disorder where the endometrium, primarily lining the inner walls of uterus, starts growing outside the uterus wall. Often, this deviant development takes place on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissues around the uterus and ovaries, and only in rare circumstances, does the growth take place in some other part of the body.
CAUSES OF ENDOMETRIOSIS
The cause of endometriosis is still not known, since the reasons are varied from person to person. However, the following certain factors may increase the risks of the disorder:
Hereditary: Women who share a family history with a person having the condition are up to 7-10 times more likely to develop endometriosis. Also, identical twins are prone to share the disease. Retrograde Menstruation: During menstruation, the blood flows out of the body through the genitals, but retrograde menstruation or backward bleeding takes back the blood containing endometrial cells through the fallopian tube to the pelvic cavity.
Metaplasia: Under this condition, pelvic tissues are converted into endometriosis. Other than these, the occurrence of menarche before the age of 11 years, prolonged days of profuse bleeding (more than 5 days), having a regular cycle of less than 27 days or even shorter, having first pregnancy at a later age, low body weight, and alcoholism are some of the factors that play a significant role in endometriosis.
SYMPTOMS THAT SHOULD NOT BE IGNORED
Pain: It is a warning sign of this condition. The severity of pain does not define danger; however, the location of the endometrial tissues does. When one is feeling pain before and during periods, pain during or after sex, abdominal, back and/or pelvic pain; pain during urination or the passing of bowels, ovulation pain passing through the thigh or leg.
Pattern of bleeding: Another sign to look out for is the pattern of bleeding that includes heavy bleeding, with or without clots, irregular bleeding, with or without a regular cycle, bleeding longer than normal, and bleeding before due date. Bloating, bowel problems, fatigue, mood swings and spasm or tightness of the pelvic floor during intercourse are all warning signs.