India eyes 10 GW geothermal power by 2030
MNRE released a draft Indian geothermal energy development framework even as it seeks to harness 10,000 MW (i.e., 10 GW - in the initial phase till 2022 and 10,000 MW by 2030) of geothermal energy by 2030 through collaboration with countries such as the US, Philippines, Mexico and New Zealand. Geothermal energy is heat stored in the Earth’s crust and can be used for power generation and direct heat application. The total installed capacity for global geothermal power generation was estimated to be around 12.8 GW till 2014. The top five countries in terms of geothermal power generation are the US, Philippines, Indonesia, Mexico and New Zealand. Some promising geothermal energy sites are Cambay Graben in Gujarat, Puga and Chhumathang in Jammu and Kashmir, Tattapani in Chhattisgarh, Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh, Ratnagiri in Maharashtra and Rajgir in Bihar.