News N in Brief
SIPRI PUBLISHES GLOBAL ARMS TRANSFER DATA FROM 2013 TO 2017
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has revealed new data on arms transfers showing a 10 per cent increase in the volume of international major weapons transfers in 2013-17 from 2008-12. Between the 2008-12 and 201317 periods, the flow of arms increased to Asia and Oceania and to the Middle East, while Africa, the Americas, and Europe reported a fall in the supply of arms during the time.
In 2013-17, the five biggest arms exporters, the US, Russia, France, Germany, and China accounted for 74 per cent of all weapons exports. During the period, the US accounted for 34 per cent of total arms exports, which increased by 25 per cent from 2008-12. According to SIPRI, the country exported major arms to 98 states in 2013-17, with exports to states in the Middle East accounting for 49 per cent of the total US arms exports in that period. China is reported to be the fifth largest arms supplier, with exports registered to have significantly increased by 38 per cent from 2008-12 to 2013-17.
Israel, South Korea, and Turkey have reportedly enhanced their arms supply by 55 per cent, 65 per cent, and 145 per cent respectively. In terms of arms imports, Middle East states registered a significant rise of 103 per cent from 2008-12 to 2013-17 and accounted for 32 per cent of global arms imports in 2013-17. In 2013-17, Saudi Arabia was reported to be the world’s second-largest arms importer, while Egypt was the third largest and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was the fourth largest.
During the period, India became the largest importer of major arms in the world and accounted for 12 per cent of the global arms import. The country reported an increase of 24 per cent in 2013-17.
The SIPRI Arms Transfers Database provides data on all international transfers of major weapons, including sales, gifts, and production licences, between states, international organisations, and armed nonstate groups.
SUCCESSFUL TEST FIRING OF BRAHMOS WITH INDIGENOUS SEEKER
BrahMos, the formidable supersonic cruise missile with indigenous seeker was successfully flight tested at 0842 hrs today at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan. The supersonic cruise missile and the seeker have been developed jointly by DRDO and BrahMos Aerospace.
The precision strike weapon with indigenous seeker flew in its designated trajectory and hit the pre-set target. The flight test was conducted by the scientists of DRDO and BrahMos along with the Indian Army. A high level team led by Chairman DRDO & Secretary DDR&D Dr S. Christopher was present during the flight trial, which included DG (Missiles & Strategic Systems) & SA to RM Dr G. Satheesh Reddy and Director General BrahMos Dr Sudhir Mishra.
Programme Director Dr Dashrath Ram and Project Director V. Prameelawho had led the effort for development of the indigenous seeker were also part of the team. Senior IAF officials also witnessed the successful launch of the tactical weapon.
DSTL-FUNDED RESEARCH DEVELOPS NEW LIMB TREATMENT FOR SOLDIERS
The new technique is a three-stage approach that offers a kit that can be used in the combat field. It also provides highly specialised solutions to patients once they are taken to a care facility. As part of the treatment, a tourniquet is applied to the limb, which applies pressure at different points designed to reduce damage caused to specific areas. Following this, a cooling ‘sock’ is wrapped around the injured tissue to protect it from further damage until the patient is evacuated to a hospital. The limb is placed inside a protective ‘box’ at the hospital, which can sustain the area while doctors try to repair the tissue. Decontaminated air inside the protective box helps reduce infection and supplies the affected area with blood.
The lightweight technology weighs just 5 kg, specifically designed to be deployed on military operations and used by combat medics. Professor Gourlay’s research team also pioneered a blood salvaging technique, which enables the blood lost in surgery to be transfused directly back to the patient. Known as HemoSep, the technique helps reduce the need to use donated blood. A military version of the HemoSep project was funded by DSTL.
AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE TO PROCURE 211 NEW BOXER CRVS FOR $4.09BN
The Australian Government is set to invest a total of A$5.2 billion ($4.09 billion) to acquire a fleet of 211 new combat reconnaissance vehicles (CRVs) that would strengthen mobility and firepower of its defence force. The new vehicles will be constructed and delivered domestically to the Australian Defence Force’s (ADF) fleet. Germany-based automotive parts supplier and military technology group Rheinmetall signed a contract to carry out the project.
The company has been selected after completing a three-year tender and testing process that evaluated the capability of its Boxer CRV to be deployed with the ADF. Once in service with the ADF, the new fleet of CRVs is expected to provide enhanced safety to Australian soldiers that are currently deployed and carrying out exercises across the globe. The new vehicles are designed to replace the army’s existing Australian Light Armoured Vehicle fleet. They will be used to carry out a wide range of missions to ensure regional stability and peacekeeping, in addition to high-threat operations.
During the entire 30-year vehicle service period, the Australian industry will be able
to secure A$10.2 billion ($8.03 billion) of the total investment in procuring and maintaining the CRV vehicle fleet. This is expected to generate up to 1,450 job opportunities across the country. The CRVs are part of the government’s A$200 billion ($157.58 billion) investment in the nation’s defence capabilities over the next decade. They will help ensure that the ADF is equipped to operate in a challenging strategic environment.
HIGH-POWER MICROWAVE AND LASER SYSTEMS TESTED DURING US ARMY MFIX
Raytheon’s advanced high-power microwave and laser dune buggy was successfully demonstrated at the US Army’s Maneuver Fires Integrated Experiment (MFIX). During the event conducted at the US Army Fires Center of Excellence, the high-power microwaves and lasers were used to target and destroy common threats, including 45 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and drones. The US Army’s MFIX exercise was conducted to demonstrate the ways that would help reduce the gaps in the army’s capabilities in long-range fires and in manoeuvering short-range air defence. The microwave system provided by Raytheon engaged multiple UAV swarms and destroyed a total of 33 drones, knocking down two and three at a time.
MULTIPLE DRONES A THREAT TO INFANTRY UNITS: REPORT
Countermeasures are needed to tackle multiple small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) being used against deployed US forces, according to a report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. High-performance drones can be modified to carry lethal weapons, identify long-range targets, and carry out electronic warfare strikes.
The US Army and Department of Defence (DoD) are already developing countermeasures to fight single UAS, more commonly known as drones, but the report highlights the need for separate measures against multiple drones coordinated in groups. The committee that authored the report was asked by the US Army to assess the threat from UAS. It examined the current capabilities of military units to counter them, assessed related human performance issues, and identified technologies appropriate for short- and long-term science and technology investments by the Army.