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SIPRI PUBLISHES GLOBAL ARMS TRANS­FER DATA FROM 2013 TO 2017

The Stock­holm In­ter­na­tional Peace Re­search In­sti­tute (SIPRI) has re­vealed new data on arms trans­fers show­ing a 10 per cent in­crease in the vol­ume of in­ter­na­tional ma­jor weapons trans­fers in 2013-17 from 2008-12. Be­tween the 2008-12 and 201317 pe­ri­ods, the flow of arms in­creased to Asia and Ocea­nia and to the Mid­dle East, while Africa, the Amer­i­cas, and Europe re­ported a fall in the sup­ply of arms dur­ing the time.

In 2013-17, the five big­gest arms ex­porters, the US, Rus­sia, France, Ger­many, and China ac­counted for 74 per cent of all weapons ex­ports. Dur­ing the pe­riod, the US ac­counted for 34 per cent of to­tal arms ex­ports, which in­creased by 25 per cent from 2008-12. Ac­cord­ing to SIPRI, the coun­try ex­ported ma­jor arms to 98 states in 2013-17, with ex­ports to states in the Mid­dle East ac­count­ing for 49 per cent of the to­tal US arms ex­ports in that pe­riod. China is re­ported to be the fifth largest arms sup­plier, with ex­ports reg­is­tered to have sig­nif­i­cantly in­creased by 38 per cent from 2008-12 to 2013-17.

Is­rael, South Korea, and Turkey have re­port­edly en­hanced their arms sup­ply by 55 per cent, 65 per cent, and 145 per cent re­spec­tively. In terms of arms im­ports, Mid­dle East states reg­is­tered a sig­nif­i­cant rise of 103 per cent from 2008-12 to 2013-17 and ac­counted for 32 per cent of global arms im­ports in 2013-17. In 2013-17, Saudi Ara­bia was re­ported to be the world’s sec­ond-largest arms im­porter, while Egypt was the third largest and the United Arab Emi­rates (UAE) was the fourth largest.

Dur­ing the pe­riod, In­dia be­came the largest im­porter of ma­jor arms in the world and ac­counted for 12 per cent of the global arms im­port. The coun­try re­ported an in­crease of 24 per cent in 2013-17.

The SIPRI Arms Trans­fers Data­base pro­vides data on all in­ter­na­tional trans­fers of ma­jor weapons, in­clud­ing sales, gifts, and pro­duc­tion li­cences, be­tween states, in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions, and armed non­state groups.

SUC­CESS­FUL TEST FIR­ING OF BRAHMOS WITH INDIGE­NOUS SEEKER

BrahMos, the for­mi­da­ble su­per­sonic cruise missile with indige­nous seeker was suc­cess­fully flight tested at 0842 hrs to­day at the Pokhran test range in Ra­jasthan. The su­per­sonic cruise missile and the seeker have been de­vel­oped jointly by DRDO and BrahMos Aero­space.

The pre­ci­sion strike weapon with indige­nous seeker flew in its des­ig­nated tra­jec­tory and hit the pre-set tar­get. The flight test was con­ducted by the sci­en­tists of DRDO and BrahMos along with the In­dian Army. A high level team led by Chair­man DRDO & Sec­re­tary DDR&D Dr S. Christo­pher was present dur­ing the flight trial, which in­cluded DG (Mis­siles & Strate­gic Sys­tems) & SA to RM Dr G. Satheesh Reddy and Di­rec­tor Gen­eral BrahMos Dr Sud­hir Mishra.

Pro­gramme Di­rec­tor Dr Dashrath Ram and Project Di­rec­tor V. Prameelawho had led the ef­fort for devel­op­ment of the indige­nous seeker were also part of the team. Se­nior IAF of­fi­cials also wit­nessed the suc­cess­ful launch of the tac­ti­cal weapon.

DSTL-FUNDED RE­SEARCH DE­VEL­OPS NEW LIMB TREAT­MENT FOR SOL­DIERS

The new tech­nique is a three-stage ap­proach that of­fers a kit that can be used in the com­bat field. It also pro­vides highly spe­cialised solutions to pa­tients once they are taken to a care facility. As part of the treat­ment, a tourni­quet is ap­plied to the limb, which ap­plies pres­sure at dif­fer­ent points de­signed to re­duce dam­age caused to spe­cific ar­eas. Fol­low­ing this, a cool­ing ‘sock’ is wrapped around the in­jured tis­sue to pro­tect it from fur­ther dam­age un­til the pa­tient is evac­u­ated to a hos­pi­tal. The limb is placed in­side a pro­tec­tive ‘box’ at the hos­pi­tal, which can sus­tain the area while doc­tors try to re­pair the tis­sue. De­con­tam­i­nated air in­side the pro­tec­tive box helps re­duce in­fec­tion and sup­plies the af­fected area with blood.

The light­weight tech­nol­ogy weighs just 5 kg, specif­i­cally de­signed to be de­ployed on mil­i­tary op­er­a­tions and used by com­bat medics. Pro­fes­sor Gourlay’s re­search team also pi­o­neered a blood sal­vaging tech­nique, which en­ables the blood lost in surgery to be trans­fused di­rectly back to the pa­tient. Known as He­moSep, the tech­nique helps re­duce the need to use do­nated blood. A mil­i­tary ver­sion of the He­moSep project was funded by DSTL.

AUS­TRALIAN DE­FENCE FORCE TO PRO­CURE 211 NEW BOXER CRVS FOR $4.09BN

The Aus­tralian Gov­ern­ment is set to in­vest a to­tal of A$5.2 bil­lion ($4.09 bil­lion) to ac­quire a fleet of 211 new com­bat re­con­nais­sance ve­hi­cles (CRVs) that would strengthen mo­bil­ity and fire­power of its de­fence force. The new ve­hi­cles will be con­structed and de­liv­ered do­mes­ti­cally to the Aus­tralian De­fence Force’s (ADF) fleet. Ger­many-based au­to­mo­tive parts sup­plier and mil­i­tary tech­nol­ogy group Rhein­metall signed a con­tract to carry out the project.

The com­pany has been se­lected af­ter com­plet­ing a three-year ten­der and test­ing process that eval­u­ated the ca­pa­bil­ity of its Boxer CRV to be de­ployed with the ADF. Once in ser­vice with the ADF, the new fleet of CRVs is ex­pected to pro­vide en­hanced safety to Aus­tralian sol­diers that are cur­rently de­ployed and car­ry­ing out ex­er­cises across the globe. The new ve­hi­cles are de­signed to re­place the army’s ex­ist­ing Aus­tralian Light Ar­moured Ve­hi­cle fleet. They will be used to carry out a wide range of mis­sions to en­sure re­gional sta­bil­ity and peace­keep­ing, in ad­di­tion to high-threat op­er­a­tions.

Dur­ing the en­tire 30-year ve­hi­cle ser­vice pe­riod, the Aus­tralian in­dus­try will be able

to se­cure A$10.2 bil­lion ($8.03 bil­lion) of the to­tal in­vest­ment in procur­ing and main­tain­ing the CRV ve­hi­cle fleet. This is ex­pected to gen­er­ate up to 1,450 job op­por­tu­ni­ties across the coun­try. The CRVs are part of the gov­ern­ment’s A$200 bil­lion ($157.58 bil­lion) in­vest­ment in the na­tion’s de­fence capabilities over the next decade. They will help en­sure that the ADF is equipped to op­er­ate in a chal­leng­ing strate­gic en­vi­ron­ment.

HIGH-POWER MI­CROWAVE AND LASER SYS­TEMS TESTED DUR­ING US ARMY MFIX

Raytheon’s ad­vanced high-power mi­crowave and laser dune buggy was suc­cess­fully demon­strated at the US Army’s Ma­neu­ver Fires In­te­grated Ex­per­i­ment (MFIX). Dur­ing the event con­ducted at the US Army Fires Cen­ter of Ex­cel­lence, the high-power mi­crowaves and lasers were used to tar­get and de­stroy com­mon threats, in­clud­ing 45 un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles (UAVs) and drones. The US Army’s MFIX ex­er­cise was con­ducted to demon­strate the ways that would help re­duce the gaps in the army’s capabilities in long-range fires and in ma­noeu­ver­ing short-range air de­fence. The mi­crowave sys­tem pro­vided by Raytheon en­gaged mul­ti­ple UAV swarms and de­stroyed a to­tal of 33 drones, knock­ing down two and three at a time.

MUL­TI­PLE DRONES A THREAT TO IN­FANTRY UNITS: RE­PORT

Coun­ter­mea­sures are needed to tackle mul­ti­ple small un­manned air­craft sys­tems (UAS) being used against de­ployed US forces, ac­cord­ing to a re­port by the Na­tional Academies of Sciences, En­gi­neer­ing, and Medicine. High-per­for­mance drones can be mod­i­fied to carry lethal weapons, iden­tify long-range tar­gets, and carry out elec­tronic war­fare strikes.

The US Army and De­part­ment of De­fence (DoD) are al­ready de­vel­op­ing coun­ter­mea­sures to fight sin­gle UAS, more com­monly known as drones, but the re­port high­lights the need for sep­a­rate mea­sures against mul­ti­ple drones co­or­di­nated in groups. The com­mit­tee that au­thored the re­port was asked by the US Army to as­sess the threat from UAS. It ex­am­ined the cur­rent capabilities of mil­i­tary units to counter them, as­sessed re­lated hu­man per­for­mance is­sues, and iden­ti­fied tech­nolo­gies ap­pro­pri­ate for short- and long-term science and tech­nol­ogy in­vest­ments by the Army.

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