Mod­erni­sa­tion of In­dia’s In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity Mech­a­nism

SP's MAI - - INTERNAL SECURITY REPORT - [ By Neetu Dhu­lia ]

The ninth edi­tion of the Home­land Se­cu­rity pro­gramme was or­gan­ised by FICCI on May 24 to 25, 2017, in as­so­ci­a­tion with Vivekananda In­ter­na­tional Foun­da­tion on the theme ‘Mod­erni­sa­tion of In­dia’s In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity Mech­a­nism’. The con­fer­ence aimed at bring­ing to­gether ex­perts from the Gov­ern­ment, Cen­tral Armed Po­lice Forces, State Po­lice Forces, for­eign gov­ern­ments, in­dus­try, academia and think tanks to dis­cuss so­lu­tions for nu­mer­ous chal­lenges for pro­cure­ment by In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity forces, in the ar­eas of po­lices and reg­u­la­tions, pro­cesses, tech­no­log­i­cal ad­vance­ments and ca­pac­ity build­ing. On the oc­ca­sion, the dig­ni­taries re­leased the FICCI & EY Re­port, ‘Roadmap for Pub­lic Pro­cure­ment in In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity’.

In his Keynote Ad­dress, Gen­eral N.C. Vij, Di­rec­tor, Vivekananda In­ter­na­tional Foun­da­tion (VIF), For­mer Chief of the Army Staff & Founder Vice Chair­man, NDMA, raised per­ti­nent is­sues re­lated to in­ter­nal se­cu­rity of the coun­try and high­lighted the ground con­di­tions in Jammu and Kash­mir and North East and the ris­ing of Left Wing Ex­trem­ism and the loom­ing threat of rad­i­cal­i­sa­tion. He added that In­dia’s mar­itime bor­der and cy­berspace were also in need of at­ten­tion to beef-up the in­ter­nal se­cu­rity.

Anil Bai­jal, Lieu­tenant Gover­nor of Delhi and For­mer, Union Home Sec­re­tary, Gov­ern­ment of In­dia, had em­pha­sized that to strengthen and mod­ernise In­dia’s in­ter­nal se­cu­rity mech­a­nism and the po­lice force it is essen­tial to re-engi­neer and adopt pro­cesses and procedures and at the same time lever­age tech­nol­ogy and ICT to re­main con­nected with the peo­ple. He also said that there is a need to cre­ate a cadre of spe­cialised and ex­pert po­lice per­son­nel who are skilled and well-equipped to cope up with spe­cialised crimes such as ac­count­ing frauds, cy­ber-crime and homi­cide. It is also nec­es­sary to up­grade the skills of the law en­forcers con­tin­u­ously to out­wit the crim­i­nals who are mak­ing use new tech­nolo­gies at a fast pace.

High­light­ing var­i­ous ini­tia­tives of the Gov­ern­ment of In­dia un­der­taken to aug­ment In­dia’s se­cu­rity, Sam­bit Pa­tra, Na­tional Spokesper­son, Bharatiya Janata Party said that the pol­icy for na­tional se­cu­rity clear­ance for cer­tain sen­si­tive sec­tors of the econ­omy, which cod­i­fies all ex­ist­ing prac­tices was one of the ma­jor steps of the gov­ern­ment. The new pol­icy aimed at bring­ing about a healthy bal­ance be­tween meet­ing the im­per­a­tives of na­tional se­cu­rity and fa­cil­i­tat­ing ease of do­ing busi­ness and pro­mot­ing in­vest­ment in the coun­try.

Alok Joshi, Chair­man, Na­tional Tech­ni­cal Re­search Or­gan­i­sa­tion (NTRO), Gov­ern­ment of In­dia, out­lined the evo­lu­tion of home- land se­cu­rity in In­dia from the ba­ton days to the present high-tech con­tem­po­rary era. Joshi de­lib­er­ated upon the rel­e­vance of high end tech­nolo­gies and the chal­lenges faced by the Cen­tral Armed Po­lice Forces (CAPFs) and law en­forc­ing agen­cies. He said that there was a need for clear ar­tic­u­la­tion of prob­lems to get a pre­cise res­o­lu­tion. High end tech­nol­ogy de­mands cus­tomised, speedy and handy tech­nol­ogy which could be de­liv­ered as per the cus­tomised re­quire­ment of agen­cies work­ing in their re­spec­tive do­mains. Be­sides, the emerg­ing chal­lenges posed due to pos­si­ble dual use of tech­nol­ogy needs to be stud­ied and an­a­lysed in greater depth for the readi­ness of the law en­forc­ing agen­cies.

Praveen Jaiswal, Co-Founder & Di­rec­tor, Ve­here In­ter­ac­tive, said that en­cryp­tion was the new chal­lenge fac­ing law en­force­ment not just in In­dia but around the world, which makes it im­pos­si­ble to en­gage in le­git­i­mate mon­i­tor­ing of com­mu­ni­ca­tions by ter­ror­ists and crim­i­nals. He added that tra­di­tional meth­ods of TECHINT need to be over­hauled with a com­bi­na­tion of meta data anal­y­sis, de­cryp­tion, ac­tive and pas­sive mon­i­tor­ing.

In his Clos­ing Ad­dress, G.K. Pil­lai, Chair, FICCI Com­mit­tee on Home­land Se­cu­rity and For­mer Union Home Sec­re­tary, Gov­ern­ment of In­dia, said that there was need for the gov­ern­ment, po­lice and in­dus­try to work in tan­dem for eco­nomic growth of the coun­try. He added that the gov­ern­ment and po­lice needed to trust busi­ness to cre­ate an en­vi­ron­ment of se­cu­rity and for busi­ness to flour­ish. Pil­lai said that this is a dis­rup­tive age and rapid ad­vance­ments in tech­nol­ogy de­manded up­grad­ing of skills of the po­lice at a faster pace. Ear­lier, the skills be­came ob­so­lete in 15 to 20 years but now the time has come down to 3 to 5 years; thus there was a need to rein­vent the pro­cesses con­tin­u­ously.

Meenakshi Lekhi, Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment and Na­tional Spokesper­son, Bharatiya Janata Party, fe­lic­i­tated the win­ners of FICCI SMART Polic­ing Awards 2017 on the sec­ond day of Home­land Se­cu­rity con­fer­ence. She also com­mended the Jury Mem­bers of FICCI SMART Polic­ing Awards. Lekhi also un­veiled the FICCI Com­pen­dium on Best Prac­tices in SMART Polic­ing 2017. This in­ter­ven­tion brings to­gether, in a sin­gle pub­li­ca­tion, different SMART Polic­ing ini­tia­tives and prac­tices un­der­taken by var­i­ous se­cu­rity and law en­force­ment agen­cies across In­dia. This com­pen­dium doc­u­ments the en­tries fe­lic­i­tated with ‘FICCI SMART Polic­ing Awards 2017’, and list the en­tries that were re­ceived in the course of the se­lec­tion process. The best prac­tices doc­u­mented here could be repli­cated by other in­sti­tu­tions across the coun­try.

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