Rus­sia is Ready to Par­tic­i­pate in Ren­o­vat­ing Sub­ma­rine Forces of In­dian Navy

SP's NavalForces - - MARKETING FEATURE -

FOR DeCADeS, RUS­SIA WAS and re­mains one of In­dias key part­ners, which have played a cru­cial role in the for­ma­tion and strength­en­ing of its na­tional naval forces. Since the sign­ing of the first “naval” con­tract in 1965 to sup­ply four Project 641(I) diesel-elec­tric sub­marines de­signed by Cen­tral De­sign Bu­reau for Ma­rine en­gi­neer­ing RU­BIN, five Project 159E es­cort ships and five Project 368P boats, more than 70 war­ships have been built for In­dia at Rus­sian ship­yards. More­over, In­dia be­came the first for­eign cus­tomer for which the ships were built ac­cord­ing to spe­cial ex­port projects.

The cur­rent agenda of bi­lat­eral co­op­er­a­tion in the naval sphere is packed, since In­dia has set it­self am­bi­tious goals to strengthen its naval forces which must be ca­pa­ble of ef­fec­tively pro­tect­ing the na­tional in­ter­ests of the coun­try in a huge mar­itime eco­nomic zone and the oceans of the world.

Rus­sia is In­dias ex­cep­tional and re­li­able part­ner which tra­di­tion­ally of­fers only the ex­clu­sive mod­els of weapons and mil­i­tary equip­ment. It ab­so­lutely re­lates to sub­marines which are in the cen­ter of the Rus­sian-In­dian agenda.

In May 2010 Ru­bin-de­vel­oped brand­new non-nu­clear sub­ma­rine of project 677 Saint-Peters­burg was com­mis­sioned by the Rus­sian Navy. Dur­ing devel­op­ment of project 677 sub­ma­rine more than 100 R&D works have been per­formed, re­sults of these are about 130 mod­els of the mod­ern weapon, equip­ment, com­plexes and sys­tems in­stalled on-board the lead ship.

Sub­ma­rine Saint-Peters­burg par­tic­i­pated in sev­eral ma­noeu­vres of Baltic Fleet, for ex­am­ple, jointly with frigate of Tal­war class built for In­dian Navy, corvettes of Project 20380, Project 877 and 636 sub­marines. In spite of spe­cific con­di­tions of Baltic Sea Ð shal­low waters and high in­ten­sity of the nav­i­ga­tion, all the as­signed tasks have been car­ried out with mark 'ex­cel­lent'. Quite re­cently sub­ma­rine 'Saint-Peters­burg' has made a cross­ing to the North un­der hard con­di­tions, with demon­stra­tion of high level in sea-keep­ing ca­pa­bil­i­ties.

Sub­marines of project 677 are be­ing se­ri­ally man­u­fac­tured for Rus­sian Navy.

Un­der­stand­ing im­por­tance of re­ten­tion and re­in­force­ment of the part­ner's links, first of all with In­dian Navy, ex­port ver­sion Amur 1650 was de­signed. As com­pared to the pre­vi­ous gen­er­a­tion, the nor­mal wa­ter dis­place­ment was de­creased from 2,350 tons to 1,765 tons which makes the ship of new project more com­pact and less vis­i­ble. Re­duced crew - from 52 to 35 men - de­creases cost of the ship op­er­a­tion. Sum­ma­riz­ing the benefits of the new project over the pre­vi­ous gen­er­a­tion of non-nu­clear sub­marines it could be noted that Amur 1650 has more pow­er­ful mis­sile and tor­pedo weapons and more ad­vanced sonar com­plex Lira with quasi-con­form ar­ray. Ac­cord­ingly, Amur 1650 is ca­pa­ble to de­tect less noisy tar­gets, and in the same time this sub­ma­rine has low proper noise level. In com­par­i­son to kilo class, 'Amur 1650' even in ba­sic ver­sion has the greater range of un­der­wa­ter sail­ing. As In­dian Navy had some ad­di­tional re­quire­ments to tem­per­a­ture mode of 877ekM sub­marines, Amur 1650 car­ries more pow­er­ful re­frig­er­a­tion equip­ment and AC sys­tem.

Many ex­perts con­sider that Amur 1650 is a good de­ci­sion for ren­o­va­tion of the In­dian Navy sub­ma­rine forces. Op­er­at­ing such a sub­ma­rine, it is pos­si­ble to re­solve the whole range of tasks – from fight­ing sub­marines and sur­face ships in the open ocean up to covert re­con­nais­sance of re­mote lit­toral ar­eas. Arm­ing this sub­ma­rine with BrahMos mis­sile sys­tem will en­able to in­crease sig­nif­i­cantly her ca­pa­bil­i­ties in mis­sile at­tacks against land-based ob­jects. Pro­mot­ing Amur 1650 as a ba­sic plat­form for the In­ter­na­tional Bids for Project 75(I), Rosoboronex­port is of­fer­ing to In­dia a mod­ern, high-tech­no­log­i­cal weapon, sim­i­lar to weapon pur­chased by Rus­sian Navy.

The main ten­dency of the sub­ma­rine en­hance­ment is the fol­low-on im­prove­ment of stealth. For non-nu­clear sub­marines it is re­alised, first of all, by in­creas­ing range and du­ra­tion of ac­tiv­i­ties in sub­merged con­di­tion with­out contact with the at­mos­phere. This is achieved, in its turn, by ap­pli­ca­tion of stor­age bat­ter­ies of higher ca­pac­ity and dif­fer­ent kinds of air-in­de­pen­dent plants (AIP). Rus­sian sci­en­tists and en­gi­neers are work­ing in both direc­tions. Work on AIP devel­op­ment based on diesel fuel re­form­ing is pro­gress­ing well.

Re­cently, re­la­tions be­tween Rus­sia and In­dia in the area of mil­i­tary-and-tech­ni­cal co­op­er­a­tion are turn­ing from sim­ple Buyer-Seller re­la­tions to multi-as­pect part­ner­ship in the devel­op­ment of new tech­nolo­gies and mod­erni­sa­tion of weapon, joint R&D works and mak­ing of mil­i­tary prod­ucts. This ten­dency is traced in the area of ma­rine en­gi­neer­ing as well. known are re­quire­ments of In­dian Navy to Project 75(I) in the part of de­sign tech­nol­ogy trans­fer, build­ing and creation of par­tic­u­lar ba­sic equip­ment for sub­marines. Re­al­i­sa­tion of this project will open the new stage of co­op­er­a­tion in sub­ma­rine ship­build­ing, unit­ing the joint ac­tiv­i­ties of Rus­sian in­dus­try with sci­en­tific agen­cies of In­dia and wide cir­cle of in­dus­trial en­ter­prises.

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