to carry out joint operations, nations have to have a long history of close relations and deep convergence of strategic interests. india has always been hesitant to join any military alliance, except the united nations which involves in carrying out joint military operations. during 2005, Admiral Michael G. Mullen, the uS navyÕs chief of naval operations while speaking at the Seventeenth international Seapower Symposium at the uS naval War college, asked the worldÕs maritime nations to raise what he called a Òthousand-ship navyÓ to provide for the security of the maritime domain in the 21st century. He also candidly admitted to the assembled chiefs of navy and their representatives from 75 countries that Òthe uS navy cannot, by itself, preserve the freedom and security of the entire maritime domain. the response had been selective from a large number of maritime nations including india as it is keen to preserve its ÔStrategic AutonomyÕfor the present.
this is one area where the indian navy has been very active and conduct four exercises with the uS navy. the exercises are Malabar, Habu nag, Spitting cobra and Salvex. Habu nag is an amphibious table-top exercise, Spitting cobra is an explosive ordnance demolition exercise and Salvex is a salvage exercise. Malabar is the highest profile annual exercise which began in 1992 and includes diverse naval activities to include fighter combat operations from aircraft