Mod­erni­sa­tion, Tech­nol­ogy Trans­fer and Build­ing of Mil­i­tary Industrial Com­plex

SP's NavalForces - - STRATEGIC COOPERATION - Mod­erni­sa­tion. Tech­nol­ogy trans­fer and build­ing of mil­i­tary industrial com­plex.

other key ar­eas which will deepen the indo-uS Mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion are as­sis­tance in mod­erni­sa­tion, trans­fer of dual use and other tech­nolo­gies, cy­ber se­cu­rity, re­search and devel­op­ment, and de­vel­op­ing in­di­aÕs mil­i­tary industrial com­plex.

Many pro­cure­ments have been made from uS in the last decade or so. the ball was set rolling with the ac­qui­si­tion of Land­ing Plat­form dock inS Jalashwa (for­merly the uSS tren­ton) along with six Siko­rsky SH-3 Sea King he­li­copters were pro­cured from the uS in 2005 and com­mis­sioned on June 22, 2007. inS Jalashwa is the only in­dian naval ship to be ac­quired from the uS. there is an of­fer for an­other from uS but at present it is on hold. Ma­jor­ity of the in­dian navy ships are of in­dian or Rus­sian ori­gin. Sub­se­quently uS of­fered P3 orion on lease but in­dia de­cided to ac­quire the lat­est P-8i which is a long-range anti-sub­ma­rine war­fare, anti-sur­face war­fare, in­tel­li­gence, sur­veil­lance and re­con­nais­sance air­craft ca­pa­ble of broad area, mar­itime and lit­toral op­er­a­tions. the P-8i is a vari­ant of the P-8A Po­sei­don that Boe­ing has de­vel­oped for the uS navy. in­dia signed the con­tract on Jan­uary 1, 2009, for eight air­craft and the in­dian Navy is the first in­ter­na­tional cus­tomer. Six have been de­liv­ered and re­main­ing two will be de­liv­ered this year. in­dia has also pur­chased AGM-84L Har­poon Block ii Mis­siles and Mk 54 All-up-Round Light­weight tor­pe­does for the P-8i. there is an op­tion of ac­quir­ing four more air­craft. the in­dian Navy has fi­nally se­lected the US Siko­rsky S-70B Sea­hawk for its ship­board mul­ti­role he­li­copter ( MRH) re­quire­ment. Six­teen he­li­copters will ini­tially be bought for about $1 bil­lion. the ten­der was opened on de­cem­ber 4 (navy day), last year. other key re­quire­ments are for naval guns; air­borne early warn­ing, elec­tronic war­fare, battle man­age­ment and com­mand and con­trol sys­tems in which Ad­vanced Hawk eye E-2D fits in very well; ro­tary UAVs; cy­ber se­cu­rity and anti-sub­ma­rine and an­ti­sur­face war­fare weapons. naval Guns are a pri­or­ity is­sue as fin­mec­ca­nica is un­der shadow with the in­dian Gov­ern­ment and its com­pany, oto Me­lara is one of the largest naval gun man­u­fac­tur­ers in the world thus it will be prob­lem to equip the 40-odd ships, which are un­der con­struc­tion, with guns. thus an al­ter­nate source will have to be found with uS be­ing the ob­vi­ous choice. the wish list could be end­less.

the present gov­ern­ment wants to pro­mote man­u­fac­ture and ÔMake in in­di­aÕ­con­cept. At present in­di­aÕs mil­i­tary industrial com­plex con­sists mainly of the de­fence Re­search and devel­op­ment or­gan­i­sa­tion (dRdo), 41 ord­nance fac­to­ries (ofs) and nine de­fence public sec­tor un­der­tak­ings (dPSu). few pri­vate com­pa­nies are par­tic­i­pat­ing in a small way. the gov­ern­ment in­fra­struc­ture of the com­plex is very elab­o­rate in­clud­ing trained man­power although their per­for­mance does not match it. the de­fence tech­nol­ogy and trade ini­tia­tive (ditti) agreed upon dur­ing the re­cent visit of Pres­i­dent obama, will bol­ster joint devel­op­ment of weapons and in­di­aÕs mil­i­tary industrial com­plex. uS can as­sist in trans­fer­ring core tech­nolo­gies in­clud­ing dual use tech­nolo­gies to hone and stream­line dRdo, ofs and dPSus. the pri­vate sec­tor can be dove tailed into this ef­fort with the uS be­com­ing a en­abler due to their vast ex­pe­ri­ence in the pri­vate de­fence in­dus­try. in­di­aÕs strength is it which also can be jointly ex­ploited to the hilt. other ar­eas which have been spe­cially asked for are tech­nolo­gies for cy­ber se­cu­rity, uAVs, air­craft car­ri­ers ( elec­tro­mag­netic air­craft launch sys­tem) and jet en­gines.

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