Modernisation, Technology Transfer and Building of Military Industrial Complex
other key areas which will deepen the indo-uS Maritime cooperation are assistance in modernisation, transfer of dual use and other technologies, cyber security, research and development, and developing indiaÕs military industrial complex.
Many procurements have been made from uS in the last decade or so. the ball was set rolling with the acquisition of Landing Platform dock inS Jalashwa (formerly the uSS trenton) along with six Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters were procured from the uS in 2005 and commissioned on June 22, 2007. inS Jalashwa is the only indian naval ship to be acquired from the uS. there is an offer for another from uS but at present it is on hold. Majority of the indian navy ships are of indian or Russian origin. Subsequently uS offered P3 orion on lease but india decided to acquire the latest P-8i which is a long-range anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft capable of broad area, maritime and littoral operations. the P-8i is a variant of the P-8A Poseidon that Boeing has developed for the uS navy. india signed the contract on January 1, 2009, for eight aircraft and the indian Navy is the first international customer. Six have been delivered and remaining two will be delivered this year. india has also purchased AGM-84L Harpoon Block ii Missiles and Mk 54 All-up-Round Lightweight torpedoes for the P-8i. there is an option of acquiring four more aircraft. the indian Navy has finally selected the US Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk for its shipboard multirole helicopter ( MRH) requirement. Sixteen helicopters will initially be bought for about $1 billion. the tender was opened on december 4 (navy day), last year. other key requirements are for naval guns; airborne early warning, electronic warfare, battle management and command and control systems in which Advanced Hawk eye E-2D fits in very well; rotary UAVs; cyber security and anti-submarine and antisurface warfare weapons. naval Guns are a priority issue as finmeccanica is under shadow with the indian Government and its company, oto Melara is one of the largest naval gun manufacturers in the world thus it will be problem to equip the 40-odd ships, which are under construction, with guns. thus an alternate source will have to be found with uS being the obvious choice. the wish list could be endless.
the present government wants to promote manufacture and ÔMake in indiaÕconcept. At present indiaÕs military industrial complex consists mainly of the defence Research and development organisation (dRdo), 41 ordnance factories (ofs) and nine defence public sector undertakings (dPSu). few private companies are participating in a small way. the government infrastructure of the complex is very elaborate including trained manpower although their performance does not match it. the defence technology and trade initiative (ditti) agreed upon during the recent visit of President obama, will bolster joint development of weapons and indiaÕs military industrial complex. uS can assist in transferring core technologies including dual use technologies to hone and streamline dRdo, ofs and dPSus. the private sector can be dove tailed into this effort with the uS becoming a enabler due to their vast experience in the private defence industry. indiaÕs strength is it which also can be jointly exploited to the hilt. other areas which have been specially asked for are technologies for cyber security, uAVs, aircraft carriers ( electromagnetic aircraft launch system) and jet engines.