Karanj Launched


The Third of The Scor­pene class sub­ma­rine ÔKaran­jÕwas launched on Jan­uary 31 by reena Lanba, wife of the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) and Pres­i­dent Navy Wives Wel­fare As­so­ci­a­tion at the Mum­bai based, pub­lic sec­tor naval ship­yard Mazagon dock Ship­builders Ltd (MdL). This is third of the six diesel- elec­tric french Scor­pene sub­ma­rine or­dered by in­dian Navy.

ÒThe sub­ma­rine was then towed to Mum­bai Port Trust, for sep­a­ra­tion from the pon­toon. Karanj will now un­dergo rig­or­ous tri­als and tests, both in har­bour and at sea be­fore it is com­mis­sioned into the Navy,ÓMin­istry of de­fence said in a state­ment. Ad­mi­ral Su­nil Lanba, CNS, was the chief guest on the oc­ca­sion. Vice Ad­mi­ral Girish Luthra, Flag Of­fice in Charge-in-Chief, Western Naval Com­mand and rear Ad­mi­ral Guil­lame de Garidel, Head of Asia Pa­cific, DGA France along with other of­fi­cials, were also present dur­ing the cer­e­mony.

Ad­dress­ing the gath­er­ing, Ad­mi­ral Su­nil Lanba, said that the launch of Karanj marked a sig­nif­i­cant de­par­ture from the man­ning and train­ing phi­los­o­phy that was adopted for the first two sub­marines and added that from third sub­ma­rine on­wards the Navy would be fully self re­liant in train­ing and cer­ti­fi­ca­tion pro­cesses.

INS Kal­vari, first Scor­pene sub­ma­rine, was com­mis­sioned on de­cem­ber 14, 2017. The sec­ond boat of the class iNS Khan­deri, launched in Jan­uary last year, is un­der­go­ing rig­or­ous phase of sea tri­als and is ex­pected to join the Navy shortly.

The state-of- the-art tech­nol­ogy utilised for con­struc­tion of the Scor­pene class sub­marines has en­sured su­pe­rior stealth fea­tures such as ad­vanced acous­tic si­lenc­ing tech­niques, low ra­di­ated noise lev­els, hy­dro-dy­nam­i­cally op­ti­mized shape and the abil­ity to launch a crip­pling at­tack on the enemy us­ing pre­ci­sion guided weapons. The at­tack can be launched with both tor­pe­does and tube launched anti-ship mis­siles, whilst un­der­wa­ter or on sur­face. The stealth of this po­tent plat­form is en­hanced by the spe­cial at­ten­tion given to var­i­ous sig­na­tures. These stealth fea­tures give it an in­vul­ner­a­bil­ity, un­matched by most sub­marines.

in 2005, through in­dia-france govern­ment to govern­ment deal french naval ship builder Naval Group, for­merly dCNS, was con­tracted for six sub­marines through a Li­cense Agree­ment un­der Trans­fer of Tech­nol­ogy. MdL was se­lected as in­dian ship­yard to build the six sub­marines. To ex­e­cute the project, Naval Group cre­ated a 100 per cent in­dian sub­sidiary and also set up a ded­i­cated team at MdL.

While at­tend­ing the event at Mum­bai, Alain Guil­lou, Se­nior ex­ec­u­tive Vice Pres­i­dent, Naval Group said, ÒThis is a re­mark­able feat achieved by in­dia, and MdL is in­deed grown to be among the rarest of ship­yards around the world to have mas­tered such unique com­pe­tence of sub­ma­rine build­ing. We are glad to part­ner with such a ship­yard, which can boast of com­pe­tence and in­fra­struc­ture which al­lows them to build 12 sub­marines at a time, thus prov­ing an in­dus­trial marvel and an as­set for in­dian Navy and in­dian govern­ment.Ó

Sim­i­lar to Kal­vari, Karanj is also named af­ter in­dian Navy’s first fleet of Rus­sian Fox­trot class sub­ma­rine. The erst­while iNS Karanj, third ship of the four sub­ma­rine of the first batch of Fox­trot sub­marines, par­tic­i­pated in the 1971 war, was com­mis­sioned on Septem­ber 4, 1969, and af­ter com­plet­ing ser­vice for 34 years re­tired on Au­gust 1, 2003.

Scor­pene class is the first In­dian naval ves­sel to be built us­ing mod­u­lar con­struc­tion. The wield­ing of the five sep­a­rate sec­tions, which con­sti­tute the whole ves­sel, bet­ter known as ÔBoot To­geth­erÕwas com­pleted on July 30, 2014.

The sub­ma­rine is de­signed to op­er­ate in all the­atres, with means pro­vided to en­sure in­ter­op­er­abil­ity with other com­po­nents of a Naval Task force. it is ex­pected to join the In­dian naval fleet some­time next year.

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