Na­van­tia and L&T Un­veil LPD for In­dia

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Na­van­tia is highly de­voted to ‘Make in In­dia’ premises and of­fers a well proven de­sign that will con­trib­ute to the na­tional de­fence and se­cu­rity, as well as the trans­fer of tech­nol­ogy

Na­van­tia is highly de­voted to ‘Make in In­dia’ premises and of­fers a well proven de­sign that will con­trib­ute to the na­tional de­fence and se­cu­rity, as well as the trans­fer of tech­nol­ogy, not only in the area of de­sign, but also in ex­pert tech­ni­cal sup­port on pro­duc­tion, plan­ning, tri­als and life cy­cle main­te­nance. As a con­se­quence, a very well ed­u­cated in­dian aux­il­iary in­dus­try will be de­vel­oped and a very im­por­tant lo­cal work­force will be cre­ated.

THE SET­TINg COULDN’T HAVE been bet­ter to un­veil the na­van­tia – L&T of­fer to the In­dian Navy’s Land­ing Plat­form Dock (lPD) pro­gramme than the flight deck of the Span­ish Navy’s flag­ship ves­sel Juan Car­los i, which was in mum­bai from June 2-6 with the ob­jec­tive of show­ing her ca­pa­bil­i­ties to the in­dian navy. The two com­pa­nies have of­fered a lPD based on the Juan Car­los i to suit in­dian re­quire­ments. in­dia is plan­ning to ac­quire four of these ships (built at in­dian ship­yard) for around ` 20,000 crore.

The re­quest for in­for­ma­tion (rfi) for the pro­gramme was sent out in 2011 un­der ‘ Buy and Make (In­dian)’ pro­ce­dure. A Ca­pa­bil­ity Def­i­ni­tion Doc­u­ment (CDD) was also sent to the in­dian ship­yards which were short listed based on rfi re­sponses. Af­ter pro­ce­dural de­lib­er­a­tions, re­port­edly, three in­dian ship­yards, namely, L&T, ABg and Re­liance De­fence were se­lected to par­tic­i­pate in the pro­gramme. But later due to fi­nan­cial is­sues ABG was dropped. in may last year, in­dian min­istry of De­fence gave its in-prin­ci­ple ap­proval to the pro­gramme.

Ac­cord­ing to na­van­tia, de­signer and builder of this type of ships, has suc­cess­fully trans­ferred tech­nol­ogy for lo­cal con­struc­tion which makes na­van­tia a risk­less part­ner for this pro­gramme. “It is to high­light that (three) ships based on the lhD ‘Juan Car­los I’ have been re­cently ac­quired by the royal Aus­tralia navy and the Turk­ish navy. na­van­tia has suc­cess­fully de­vel­oped the de­sign in both pro­grams; hmAs Can­berra and hmAs Ade­laide are in ser­vice for the royal Aus­tralia navy, and one unit is un­der con­struc­tion in Turkey in col­lab­o­ra­tion with sedef ship­yard.Ó

“Na­van­tia is highly de­voted to ‘Make in In­dia’ premises and of­fers a well proven de­sign that will con­trib­ute to the na­tional de­fence and se­cu­rity, as well as the trans­fer of tech­nol­ogy, not only in the area of de­sign, but also in ex­pert tech­ni­cal sup­port on pro­duc­tion, plan­ning, tri­als and life cy­cle main­te­nance. As a con­se­quence, a very well ed­u­cated in­dian aux­il­iary in­dus­try will be de­vel­oped and a very im­por­tant lo­cal work­force will be cre­ated,Óit added.

Juan Car­los I

on her maiden visit to in­dia, a se­lected group of jour­nal­ist were in­vited on board of the vis­it­ing land­ing he­li­copter Dock (lhD) Juan Car­los i at mum­bai. The 27,000 tonnes and 231 me­tre mul­tipur­pose am­phibi­ous as­sault ship is the largest war­ship ever built for the span­ish navy. Built us­ing the mod­u­lar de­sign, the first block of the ship was laid in 2006 at Na­van­tia’s Ship­yard in Fer­rrol and was launched on march 10, 2008. it was com­mis­sioned in the span­ish navy on septem­ber 30, 2010.

The lhD, named af­ter span­ish King Juan Car­los i, sin­gle hull ship is de­signed to carry on four kinds of mis­sions, namely, am­phibi­ous-trans­port­ing in­fantry and sup­port cargo for land op­er­a­tions; force pro­jec­tion – fer­ry­ing armed forces to any theatre; air­craft car­rier – as plat­form for launch­ing he­li­copter and fighter air­craft and for hu­man­i­tar­ian and dis­as­ter relief.

The ship can launch six medium size chop­pers like sh-60 sea­hawk and nh-90, or four heavy lift like Ch-47 Chi­nooks si­mul­ta­ne­ously and has a 12 de­gree ski-jump ramp to launch short take-off and ver­ti­cal launch (sTovl) air­craft. it can launch the Amer­i­can f-35B light­ing ii and v-22 osprey tilt-ro­tor air­craft. in car­rier mode it can carry a dozen each of he­li­copters and sTovl air­craft. it can op­er­ate as a car­rier for du­ra­tion of 50 days with­out need­ing any re­plen­ish­ment.

Global Or­ders

on fe­bru­ary 7, Turkey be­gan con­struc­tion of its first Land­ing He­li­copter Dock (LHD) TCG Anadolu, af­ter the cer­e­mo­nial keel of the ship was laid at the sedef ship­yard in Turkey. it is based on the span­ish naval ship­yard Na­van­tia’s Juan Car­los I class am­phibi­ous as­sault ship, which is op­er­a­tional with the navies of Aus­tralia and spain. The work on the Anadolu started with steel cut­ting in April 2016.

An­dalou is ex­pected to cost around one bil­lion dol­lars and will join the Turk­ish fleet some­where around 2021. Turk­ish Pres­i­dent re­cep Tayyip er­do­gan, af­ter the steel cut­ting cer­e­mony, had said, “TCg Anadolu will be the first ship in the navy from which f-35B svTol planes will op­er­ate.Ó

Turk­ish au­thor­i­ties in De­cem­ber 2013 an­nounced that the sedef ship­yard will con­struct the ves­sel in col­lab­o­ra­tion with na­van­tia. in ad­di­tion to con­struc­tion, sedef will in­te­grate and con­duct manda­tory test of the ves­sel be­fore its fi­nal de­liv­ery to the Turk­ish navy. The am­phibi­ous as­sault ship project also in­cludes four land­ing craft me­chan­ics (lCm), 27 am­phibi­ous as­sault ve­hi­cles (AAv), two land­ing craft per­son­nel ve­hi­cles (lCvP), one com­man­der boat and one rub­ber hull in­flated boat (RHIB).

Aus­tralia also op­er­ates two of the Juan Car­los i based ships known as Can­berra-class lhD. The two ships, namely, the hmAs Can­berra and hmAs Ade­laide, were con­structed by na­van­tia and the hull was trans­ferred to Aus­tralia for com­ple­tion. The Can­berra class is de­signed not to sup­port fighter jets. The na­van­tia de­sign was se­lected over the naval groups’s Mis­tral class – two of them were or­dered by the rus­sian navy as a he­li­copter car­rier which later were pro­cured by egypt. The first ship of the Can­berra class, HMAS Can­berra joined the Aus­tralian fleet on novem­ber 28, 2014 which was fol­lowed by hmAs Ade­laide on De­cem­ber 4, 2015.

In­dian Re­quire­ments

Ac­cord­ing to the rfi 0f 2011, in­dian navy wants “de­sign of the ba­sic hull form, propul­sion ma­chin­ery and major equip­ment ex­cept the weapon and sen­sors fit, should be de­rived from a proven world class de­sign of an lPD of sim­i­lar di­men­sionsÓ and “In case the de­sign is be­ing bought, the ship­yard should have an moU (me­moran­dum of Un­der­stand­ing) with the de­signer for con­struc­tion of lPD at the time of sub­mis­sion of ten­ders.Ó

The ves­sel should be of around 200 m, draught not to ex­ceed 08 m and an en­durance of 45 days. The ship is to have a suit­able well deck for am­phibi­ous op­er­a­tions and it “would carry am­phibi­ous crafts like lCms or lCACs and lCvPs on davits and should have ca­pa­bil­ity to launch these crafts when un­der­way.Ó

“The ship is ex­pected to have a car­riage of com­bat ve­hi­cles on one or more vehi-

cle deck. This area should be ad­e­quate to em­bark main Bat­tle Tank (mBT), AAvs/BmP Class ar­moured ve­hi­cles and heavy trucks.Ó

Navy wants the LPD to have “Point De­fence mis­sile sys­tem, Close in Weapon sys­tem, Anti Tor­pedo De­coy sys­tem, Chaff sys­tem and hmGs/lmGs. in ad­di­tion, ship would have one e/f band com­bined air and sur­face sur­veil­lance radar and one C/D band air sur­veil­lance radar.Ó

navy wants the ves­sel to be ca­pa­ble of si­mul­ta­ne­ous op­er­a­tion “by day/night of spe­cial op­er­a­tion he­li­copters and large he­li­copters (upto 35 tons).Ó

There are two con­tenders for the con­tract re­liance De­fence and en­gi­neer­ing Lim­ited (RDEL) and Larsen & Toubro (L&T). The project is ex­pected to cost over ` 20,000 crore to ex­che­quers and will pro­vided in­dian navy with much re­quired am­phibi­ous ca­pa­bil­ity for beach as­sault and hu­man­i­tar­ian relief op­er­a­tions. For the project, L&T has joined hand with na­van­tia whereas rDel has col­lab­o­rated with naval Group. in­ter­est­ingly, In­dia has been fid­dling with this idea of lPD for a decade, in the mean time Aus- tralia and egypt has been able to pro­cure them and Turkey is ex­e­cut­ing them.

Dur­ing the visit, the re­porters met with the J.D. Patil, Whole-time Direc­tor, larsen and Toubro, Pres­i­dent of na­van­tia es­te­ban Garc’a vi­las‡nchez, Cap­tain of Juan Car­los, Cap­tain Jose Lago, and other se­nior of­fi­cials of the two com­pa­nies.

Wel­com­ing the press, Cap­tain of Juan Car­los, Cap­tain Jose lago, said that it is a his­toric moment to bring the span­ish navy fleet flag ship to Mum­bai. The In­dian Navy had a good first im­pres­sion of the ship. “We are very proud of the ship.” This was the maiden visit of the ship to in­dia.

Talk­ing about the role of L&T in In­dia in the pro­gramme, Pres­i­dent of na­van­tia Vi­lasánchez said, “We are part­ners in In­dia. They will build the ships. They are the builders and we are just sup­port­ing them in the func­tional de­sign.Ó

Adding fur­ther on the ‘ Make in In­dia’ in de­fence, he said, “We are fully en­gaged with the ‘Make in In­dia’. No doubt L&T will build the four ships here. hope­fully we are awarded with the con­tract and we will sup- port with all the nec­es­sary knowl­edge and ex­pe­ri­ence. We have al­ready built in spain, Aus­tralia and Turkey and hope­fully in in­dia.Ó

“It is a ToT process, as in the Aus­tralia (where) two lhD are in ser­vice. so this model of ToT, putting to­gether the en­gi­neer­ing and de­sign ca­pa­bil­ity from L&T and our de­sign and en­gi­neer­ing knowl­edge, Óvi­las‡nchez added.

speak­ing on his com­pa­nies role in the part­ner­ship, J.D. Patil said, “In the past we have done the de­sign our­selves be­cause they were much smaller ships. This is a gi­ant, as you all can see. This gi­ant class is some­thing that you look for a great part­ner. That is why we teamed up with na­van­tia be­cause they have ex­pe­ri­ence, they have class of ships which is vir­tu­ally one can say a win­ner in terms of ca­pa­bil­ity. so, we tied up with them for ba­sic de­sign, com­plete sup­port dur­ing the man­u­fac­tur­ing and de­tailed en­gi­neer­ing on­wards... we will do in in­dia.Ó

if se­lected, lPD will be built at the Kat­tupalli ship­yard, Chennai.

Talk­ing about the dif­fer­ence be­tween the in­dian lPD and Juan Car­los i, Patil said, “In­dian Navy does not want fixed wing air­craft. There is no ski jump. As a re­sult it has only he­li­copter ca­pa­bil­ity which is what the navy wants.Ó

Talk­ing about the he­li­copters which in­dian navy in­tents to op­er­ate from lPD, he added that the navy will be us­ing the cur­rent he­li­copters. “The ship is ca­pa­ble of tak­ing va­ri­eties of he­li­copters as well as air­craft.Ó

on the op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­ity of the ship, Patil added, “it will do am­phibi­ous op­er­a­tion, it will do some amount of anti-sub­ma­rine war­fare with he­li­copters and it can per­form other roles like hu­man­i­tar­ian and dis­as­ter man­age­ment and it can also use for beach out of full bat­tal­ion of in­dian army along with bat­tle tanks and va­ri­ety of equip­ments.Ó

All the four ships will be man­u­fac­tured in in­dia and this will be the biggest naval ves­sel con­struc­tion pro­gramme for in­dian pri­vate ship­yard. This could well give our pri­vate ship­yards ca­pa­bil­ity of build­ing a fullfledged air­craft car­rier. The timely ex­e­cu­tion of this project will go a long way in re­tain­ing in­dian dom­i­nance in in­dia ocean.

PHO­TO­GRAPH: Na­van­tia

PHO­TO­GRAPH: Na­van­tia

The im­pres­sive deck of Juan Car­los I

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