Long- term exposure to ozone can damage your health: Research
Data taken from three regions
Washington, Oct. 13: A new study has utilised a novel method to estimate long- term ozone exposure to quantify the health burden from long- term ozone exposure in three major regions of the world.
The research, conducted at the Duke University estimated that 266,000 ( confidence interval: 186,000338,000) premature mortalities across Europe, the USA, and China in 2015 were attributable to longterm exposure to ozone ( O3).
The findings are published in the Journal of Environmental Research Letters. Karl Seltzer, study’s lead author said, “Then there is strong epidemiological and toxicological evidence linking ambient ozone exposure to adverse health effects.
“Historically, much of the previous research focused on the short- term impacts. We utilised results from the growing body of evidence that links longterm O3 exposure and increased cause- specific premature mortaliti- es, particularly from respiratory diseases,” Seltzer added. For the study, the researchers used 2015 data from ground- based monitoring networks in the USA, Europe, and China to estimate long- term O3 exposure. They then calculated premature mortalities using exposure-response relationships from two American Cancer Society ( ACS) cancer prevention studies.
Seltzer added, “Global estimates of O3 exposure are often made using stateof- the- art chemical transport models ( CTMs). However, we based our study on observed air quality data, because it has several advantages over CTM modelling approaches.” Interestingly, the team’s observationally- derived data shows smaller human- health impacts when compared to prior modelling results.
Explaining this, Seltzer explained that this difference is due to small biases in modeled results. These small biases are subsequently amplified by nonlinear exposure- response curves. This highlights the importance of accurately estimating longterm O3 exposure in health impact assessments.