Sci­en­tists wor­ried about sharp rise in autism

The Asian Age - - Science + Health -

Moscow: To­day, the most ob­jec­tive es­ti­mate is that autis­tic peo­ple's ac­count for one per cent of the world's pop­u­la­tion. If this as­sess­ment is cor­rect, there are about 1.5 mil­lion autism cases in Rus­sia and up to 13 mil­lion in In­dia. Ex­per­i­ments with an­i­mals have shown that it is pos­si­ble to re­pair dam­aged genes that are as­so­ci­ated with autism spec­trum dis­or­ders ( ASD). “This amaz­ing in­for­ma­tion de­fies stud­ies of the hu­man body,” said Tatyana Stroganova, a re­searcher at Moscow State Univer­sity of Psy­chol­ogy and Ed­u­ca­tion. Un­for­tu­nately, it is so far im­pos­si­ble to cure autism. The in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity has ap­proved just one med­i­ca­tion for mit­i­gat­ing its symp­toms. The term “autism” was coined in 1938, with Sa­muil Mnukhin of­fer­ing the first sci­en­tific de­scrip­tion of the dis­or­der's symp­toms in 1947. For 60 years, the con­di­tion was con­sid­ered rare and even ex­cep­tional, but the sit­u­a­tion changed in 2005 when ex­perts es­ti­mated that there was one case of autism per 250- 300 newborns. Spe­cial­ists all over the world ex­plain autism and ASD by dis­rupted com­mu­ni­ca­tions net­works. At the same time, re­search of the past few years shows that the symp­toms of ASD are sim­i­lar to those of nu­mer­ous dis­or­ders. An­other video con­fer­ence par­tic­i­pant, Nidhi Sing­hal, a re­searcher, noted that she and her col­leagues had been work­ing with pa­tients aged be­tween seven months and 50 years for the past 25 years. “They pro­vide clin­i­cal ser­vices and con­duct re­search,” she said. — ANI

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