How Other Coun­tries Reg­u­late the Use of Fire­crack­ers

The Economic Times - - Environment & Companies -

In most of the western world, fire­crack­ers are grouped into cat­e­gories de­pend­ing on how safe they are for the gen­eral pub­lic. Fire­crack­ers for use by pro­fes­sional op­er­a­tors are placed in a sep­a­rate class. Coun­tries also have re­stric­tions on con­sumer age and tim­ings and pe­riod of use. Here’s a look at se­lect coun­tries:

Only three US states - Delaware, Ger­many, Bel­gium, Italy and Poland. Sale as Type 1, for oth­ers a per­mit is needed. Age New Year, were banned in many ur­ban Mas­sachusetts and New Jersey - ban all tim­ings also reg­u­lated. and pe­riod curbs also im­posed ar­eas (such as Bei­jing) in the 1990s con­sumer cracker sales. Sales of small fire­crack­ers is per­mit­ted else­where for cer­tain pe­ri­ods, in July and Dec-Jan. How­ever, or­gan­ised dis­plays (py­rotech­nics) are le­gal.

Laws vary across provinces. Al­berta and Bri­tish Colom­bia do not al­low ex­plo­sives. Full ban in Cal­gary. Al­lowed with per­mit in Ed­mon­ton. In Van­cou­ver, al­lowed around Hal­loween/ Canada Day. In On­tario, fire­works now al­lowed on Di­wali. For­bid­den on the is­land of Mon­treal

EU par­lia­ment al­lows smaller fire­crack­ers. Age curbs in coun­tries such as the Nether­lands, Nor­way, the UK,

(de­pend­ing on cat­e­gory) for use year round with time curbs, not al­lowed be­tween 11pm and 7am; ex­cep­tions for NY, Bon­fire Night (5 Nov), the Chi­nese New Year and Di­wali.

Con­sumer fire­works im­ports strictly con­trolled, use over­seen by pro­fes­sional op­er­a­tor; laws among strictest in the world.

Cat­e­gorised un­der classes 1 (low risk) to 3 (med risk). Sales al­lowed for lim­ited pe­riod de­pend­ing on risk class. Fines for unau­tho­rised use

Pub­lic-use fire­works classed

Bans rare in ru­ral ar­eas; per­mit­ted in most ur­ban cen­tres since 2008. Crack­ers, bought in the first three days of the tra­di­tional

due to se­cu­rity rea­sons; state or­gan­ises New Year dis­play in Vic­to­ria Har­bour and the sec­ond day of the Chi­nese New Year

Full ban in 1972. Al­lowed in fes­ti­val sea­son in 2003, but all dis­plays are state con­trolled

Small fire­works al­lowed, but po­lice curbs in place dur­ing Chi­nese New Year, and other fes­ti­vals

Pres­i­dent Ro­drigo Duterte now wants a law passed on ban­ning fire­crack­ers

Source: Me­dia re­ports

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