‘Road fa­tal­i­ties high among young men’

The Hindu - - NATION - SPE­CIAL COR­RE­SPON­DENT

Road in­jury was the lead­ing cause of death in In­dia among 15 to 39-year-old men in 2017 and was the se­cond lead­ing cause for both sexes com­bined, ac­cord­ing to the find­ings of the In­dia State-Level Dis­ease Bur­den Ini­tia­tive pub­lished in the

Lancet Pub­lic Health.

The study gives the first com­pre­hen­sive pop­u­la­tion­level es­ti­mates of road in­jury deaths by type of road users in each State.

Of the 2,19,000 road in­jury deaths in In­dia in 2017, 77% were of men, with the death rate three times higher as com­pared to women. The death rate stan­dard­ised for age was 17.2 deaths per 1 lakh pop­u­la­tion, but it was 25.7 deaths per 1 lakh male pop­u­la­tion and 8.5 deaths per 1 lakh women.

In 2017, pedes­tri­ans in In­dia ac­counted for 35.1% (76,729) of all deaths due to road in­juries and older adults were the largest casualties. Mo­tor­cy­clists ac­counted for 30.9% (67,524) of all road fa­tal­i­ties, mo­tor ve­hi­cle oc­cu­pants ac­counted for 26.4% (57,802) and cy­clists 7% (15,324) of road fa­tal­i­ties.

Mo­tor­cy­clist and cy­clist road in­jury death rates were 69% and 33% higher in In­dia as com­pared to the global aver­age.

The study noted that if the es­ti­mated trends of road in­jury deaths up to 2017 were to con­tinue, none of the States are likely to meet the SDG 2020 tar­get of re­duc­ing such deaths by half from 2015 to 2020 or even by 2030.

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